Key and vulnerable populations

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November 13, 2019
Retention in care is associated with improved virological control and survival among HIV-infected children. However, retention of children in HIV care remains a challenge. This study demonstrates the value of routine laboratory data in monitoring diagnosis, retention and VL suppression in HIV-infected children. This approach is scalable, can be reported near real-time, is relatively inexpensive to implement, and provides a tool for improving paediatric HIV services until clinical databases can assume this role.
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November 4, 2019
Adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 24 years have some of the highest HIV incidence rates globally, with girls two to four times more likely to be living with HIV than their male peers. High levels of intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by this age group is a significant risk factor for HIV acquisition. While behavioural interventions to prevent IPV and HIV in southern Africa have seen some success in reducing self-reported experiences of IPV, these interventions have largely failed to achieve similar outcomes for young women.
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November 4, 2019

This article presents findings from implementation and scale-up of HIV self-testing program for female sex workers in Malawi and Zimbabwe from 2013-2018.

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November 1, 2019

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the level of HIV disclosure to children in sub-Saharan Africa as it relates to prevalence of disclosure, barriers, merits and demerits, timing of disclosure, and factors th

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October 25, 2019

BACKGROUND: Most countries have formally adopted the World Health Organization's 2015 recommendation of universal HIV treatment ("treat all").

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October 25, 2019

BACKGROUND: The NEVEREST-3 (South Africa) and MONOD-ANRS-12206 (Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso) randomized trials found that switching to efavirenz (EFV

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October 23, 2019
There is a need for a culturally adapted, evidence-based, psychotherapy treatment that is effective, acceptable, and feasible for integration into primary care in South Africa. This qualitative study used exit interviews to examine participants' experiences of an adapted cognitive-behavioural therapy treatment for adherence and depression, task-shifted and delivered by nurses in two peri-urban HIV clinics near Cape Town.
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October 21, 2019

PURPOSE: An intervention including business training and health education was implemented in Mozambique, where girls are at elevated risk for acquiri

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October 21, 2019

BACKGROUND: Little is known about contextual factors that predict long-term mortality following HIV testing in resource-limited settings.

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October 18, 2019

BACKGROUND: Gauteng Province has the second lowest tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in South Africa but the greatest proportion of TB/HIV co-infectio