Basic and Clinical Science

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August 30, 2016

Background: HIV-related stigma is associated with increased risk-taking behavior, reduced uptake of HIV testing, and decreased adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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August 30, 2016

The objective of this study was to evaluate the assumption that moving heightens HIV infection by examining the time-order between migration and HIV infection and investigate differences in HIV infection by migration destination and permanence.

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August 30, 2016

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing a growing burden from non-communicable and infectious diseases including HIV infection.

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August 29, 2016

In chronic HIV infection, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) typically induces swift HIV RNA declines and virologic suppression within 24 weeks.

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August 29, 2016

Preejaculatory fluid, a viscous, lubricating secretion expressed by penile urethral glands during sexual excitement, may play a role in the sexual transmission of HIV-1.

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August 26, 2016

This new mobile-friendly TB Guidance Database provides national treatment guidelines from many priority countries around the world. Included in this database are guidelines for various populations, as well as case definitions, diagnostic methods, standard protocols, and DOTS recommendations.

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August 22, 2016

Starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) soon after HIV diagnosis led to better outcomes than delayed treatment in all population sub-groups in the START trial, researchers reported at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban, South Africa.

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August 16, 2016

Curing people of HIV infection will have to involve combinations of drugs and approaches, just as HIV treatment does, delegates heard at the Towards a Cure workshop held in advance of the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban.

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August 16, 2016

Iringa, with an HIV prevalence of 9.1 percent, is Tanzania’s second most HIV-affected region. Three randomized controlled trials showed unequivocally that VMMC offers a 60 percent protective effect in reducing the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission through heterosexual sex.

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August 15, 2016

A group of young South African women who were diagnosed in very early infection and immediately given antiretroviral therapy (ART) preserved their CD4 counts and the function of cells that HIV normally disrupts.