OBJECTIVES: HIV infection has been associated with an impaired lung function in high-income countries, but the association between HIV infection and pulmonary function in Sub-Saharan Africa remains unclear.
In East and Southern Africa, where 5% to 10% have chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains unacceptably high. This introduces challenges and opportunities for implementation of HBV care and treatment.
In this, our 7th, issue, we have assembled 67 abstracts published from January through February 2019 that feature evidence from Botswana (3), Eswatini (2), Lesotho (2), Malawi (16), Mozambique (3), South Africa (40), Tanzania (2), Zambia (3) and Zimbabwe (7).
People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). TB is also the leading opportunistic infection contributing to about one-third of deaths in this population. The World Health Organization recommends regular screening for TB in PLHIV.
Drug resistance is a challenge for the global control of tuberculosis. We examined mortality in patients with tuberculosis from high-burden countries, according to concordance or discordance of results from drug susceptibility testing done locally and in a reference laboratory.
Each year, we commemorate World Tuberculosis (TB) Day on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB, and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic.
The Stop TB Partnership’s TB REACH has launched its Wave 7 round of funding to improve TB case finding and treatment outcomes with an emphasis on the empowerment of women and girls to lead key approaches in TB response.