Uganda

A combination intervention addressing sexual risk-taking behaviors among vulnerable women in Uganda: study protocol for a cluster randomized clinical trial

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS, with Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda accounting for 48% of new infections. A systematic review of the HIV burden among women engaged in sex work (WESW) in 50 low- and middle-income countries found that they had increased odds of HIV infection relative to the general female population. Social structural factors, such as the sex work environment, violence, stigma, cultural issues, and criminalization of sex work are critical in shaping sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risks among WESW and their clients in Uganda. Poverty is the most commonly cited reason for involvement in sex work in SSA. Against this backdrop, this study protocol describes a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that tests the impact of adding economic empowerment to traditional HIV risk reduction (HIVRR) to reduce new incidence of STIs and HIV among WESW in Rakai and the greater Masaka regions in Uganda.
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mothers2mothers (m2m) 2018 Evaluation

mothers2mothers (m2m) is an African NGO working towards the Global Goals of ensuring good health for all and ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The organization focuses on three core client groups—women, children, and adolescents—serving those living with HIV, and also those who are HIV-negative but at high risk of infection. m2m delivers services by training and employing local women living with HIV as Community Health Workers called Mentor Mothers.

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USAID/TSP HIV Child and Adolescent ARV Procurement Forecasting Tool

The USAID/TSP HIV Child and Adolescent ARV Procurement Forecasting Tool is intended to assist program managers, clinicians and support staff in quantifying and budgeting for a program’s child and adolescent ARV needs. The tool: i) allows the user to insert the number of children and adolescents needing ARVs; and ii) provides an output describing how the children and adolescents are expected to transition into different weight bands over time.

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Saving Mothers, Giving Life Approach for Strengthening Health Systems to Reduce Maternal and Newborn Deaths in 7 Scale-up Districts in Northern Uganda

Uganda's maternal and newborn mortality remains high at 336 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births and 27 newborn deaths per 1,000 live births. The Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) initiative launched in 2012 by the U.S. government and partners, with funding from the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, focused on reducing maternal and newborn deaths in Uganda and Zambia by addressing the 3 major delays associated with maternal and newborn deaths. In Uganda, SMGL was implemented in 2 phases. Phase 1 was a proof-of-concept demonstration in 4 districts of Western Uganda (2012 to 2014). Phase 2 involved scaling up best practices from Phase 1 to new sites in Northern Uganda (2014 to 2017).
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Legacy Evaluation of the Partnership for HIV-Free Survival: Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda

Author
David K. Hales, Heather B. Davis, Alexandra J. Munson, Emily A. Bobrow

The Partnership for HIV-Free Survival (PHFS) was designed to use basic quality improvement practices to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV and increase child survival through improvements in (1) antiretroviral therapy uptake and retention among HIV-positive pregnant women and mothers, (2) breastfeeding practices, and (3) overall mother-baby care. PHFS was implemented between 2012–2016 in six countries in Eastern and Southern Africa: Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda.

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‘If I had not taken it [HIVST kit] home, my husband would not have come to the facility to test for HIV’: HIV self-testing perceptions, delivery strategies, and post-test experiences among pregnant women and their male partners in Central Uganda

Author
Joseph K. B. Matovu, Rose Kisa, Esther Buregyeya, Harriet Chemusto, Shaban Mugerwa, William Musoke, Caroline J. Vrana, Angela M. Malek, Jeffrey E. Korte & Rhoda K. Wanyenze

Background: HIV self-testing (HIVST) can improve HIV-testing rates in ‘hard-to-reach’ populations, including men. We explored HIVST perceptions, delivery strategies, and post-test experiences among pregnant women and their male partners in Central Uganda.

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Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study

Author
Chang JL et al

Evidence regarding potential adverse neuropsychiatric effects of efavirenz is conflicting, and data from sub-Saharan Africa, where 70% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) reside and efavirenz is used as first-line therapy, are limited. The objective of this study was to estimate associations between efavirenz use and depression and suicidal ideation among PLHIV in Uganda.

 

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