tuberculosis

Knowledge, risk perception and access to healthcare services for HIV and tuberculosis among university students in Johannesburg, South Africa

Author
D Evans, N Musakwa, C Nattey, J Bor, E Lonnermark, C Larshans, S Andreasson, P Nyasulu, L Long
An increasingly diverse body of students is entering university in South Africa. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are pressing health issues for this vulnerable population and the university campus offers an opportunity to intervene with health promotion activities. This study describes knowledge and risk perception of TB and HIV among high school leavers entering tertiary education.
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High rates of death and loss to follow-up by 12 months of rifampicin resistant TB treatment in South Africa

Author
Kamban Hirasen, Rebecca Berhanu, Denise Evans, Sydney Rosen, Ian Sanne, Lawrence Long
Treatment success rates of rifampicin resistant (RR)/multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa range from 43–48%, falling short of the World Health Organization’s target of ≥75%. We present rates and assess predictors of attrition by 12 months on treatment.
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Associated factors with unsuccessful tuberculosis treatment outcomes among tuberculosis/HIV coinfected patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis

Author
Azeez, A., et al.

BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV endemic has substantially contributed to the increasing tuberculosis (TB) incidence. The joint effect of the HIV and TB pestilences has confronted the feeble systems of healthcare in resource-limited countries.

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Global tuberculosis report 2018

Author
World Health Organization

WHO has published a global TB report every year since 1997. The main aim of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic, and of progress in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease at global, regional and country levels. This is done in the context of recommended global TB strategies and targets endorsed by WHO’s Member States and broader development goals set by the United Nations (UN). 

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Updated recommendations on first-line and second-line antiretroviral regimens and post-exposure prophylaxis and recommendations on early infant diagnosis of HIV: interim guidance

Author
World Health Organization
Since 2016, WHO has recommended tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) (or emtricitabine, FTC) + efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg as the preferred first- line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen for adults and adolescents. WHO recommended dolutegravir (DTG) as an alternative option to EFV for first-line ART because of the uncertainty regarding the safety and efficacy of DTG during pregnancy and among people living with HIV receiving rifampicin-based tuberculosis (TB) treatment. New WHO interim guidelines contain recommendations regarding preferred first-line regimens for adults, adolescents and children initiating ART, which now include DTG and RAL.
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4th Southern African HIV Clinicians Society Conference

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics, from new antiretroviral drugs, AIDS-related complications, and opportunistic infections, to promoting adherence and ethical issues.

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Global Fund Results Report 2018

Author
Global Fund
The Global Fund Results Report 2018 demonstrates that 27 million lives have been saved by the Global Fund partnership and includes key annual results achieved in countries where the Global Fund invests, including the 17.5 million people that received antiretroviral therapy for HIV, the 5 million people tested and treated for TB, and the 197 million mosquito nets distributed to prevent malaria.
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