This study hypothesized that mass distribution of a broad-spectrum antibiotic agent to preschool children would reduce mortality in areas of sub-Saharan Africa that are currently far from meeting the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.
Scaling Up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention for Adolescents and Young Adult Men: A Modeling Analysis of Implementation and Impact in Selected Countries
The new World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS strategic framework for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) aims to increase VMMC coverage among males aged 10–29 years in priority settings to 90% by 2021. We use mathematical modeling to assess the likelihood that selected countries will achieve this objective, given their historical VMMC progress and current implementation options.
Convenience without disclosure: a formative research study of a proposed integrated methadone and antiretroviral therapy service delivery model in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Though timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a vital component of effective HIV prevention, care and treatment, people who inject drugs are less likely to receive ART than their non-drug using counterparts. In an effort to increase access to ART for people who inject drugs, we examined perceived benefits, challenges, and recommendations for implementing an integrated methadone and ART service delivery model at an opioid treatment program (OTP) clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
We have come a long way in our response to the HIV epidemic since its beginning. Many critical steps have been made. In the last seven years, new HIV infection rates have dropped almost 30 percent worldwide. During that time, the number of people with access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased almost threefold.
But it’s still not enough.
The need now isn’t a brand new method of controlling the epidemic, but rather a new way of implementing tried-and-true interventions.
Alcohol use among young people exposes them to a variety of social, economic and public health hazards and is one of the drivers of the HIV epidemic in developing countries. This Learning Lab presents findings from a STRIVE multi-country study in South Africa, Tanzania and India which assessed how alcohol availability and promotion affect young people’s sexual health and safety in India, Tanzania and South Africa.
The researchers highlight shared and unique findings from the three contexts including:
The objectives of this program are to encourage behavior change among inmates and prison staff to reduce the risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) by educating them about the contributing factors and encouraging use of available health services. This guide provides peer educators with activities and information necessary to deliver training on HIV and TB to inmates and prison staff. This guide contains six modules. Each module contains a brief introduction along with key facts and information.
Reaching the ‘first 90’: Gaps in coverage of HIV testing among people living with HIV in 16 African countries
SHARE newsletter: PEPFAR's 'Road Map' for HIV prevention ... an upcoming webinar on managing viral load results ... new AGYW guidance ... and more!
Guidance for improving family planning/HIV integration service delivery for adolescent girls and young women
PEPFAR-funded programs for vulnerable children and adolescents are assessed using the Site Improvement Monitoring System (SIMS) to ensure that programs are meeting minimum standards and providing quality services to vulnerable children and families. In the orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) domain, SIMS covers many core essential elements (CEE), including Family Planning/HIV Integration Service Delivery in Community Settings.