South Africa

Psychosocial correlates of alcohol and other substance use among low-income adolescents in peri-urban Johannesburg, South Africa: A focus on gender differences

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Yes
Author
Magidson JF, Dietrich J, Otwombe KN, Sikkema KJ, Katz IT, Gray GE

Alcohol and other drug use is prevalent among peri-urban, South African adolescents. We identified correlates of alcohol and other drug use by gender among adolescents (age = 16-18 years; N = 822) in peri-urban Johannesburg. Interviewer-administered surveys assessed sexual activity, alcohol and other drug use, and relevant psychosocial factors. In separate logistic regression models of alcohol and other drug use stratified by gender, violence exposure and sexual activity were associated with alcohol use for both males and females.

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Scaling Up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention for Adolescents and Young Adult Men: A Modeling Analysis of Implementation and Impact in Selected Countries

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Yes
Author
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Marjorie Opuni, Melissa Schnure, Michel Tchuenche, Peter Stegman, Elizabeth Gold, Valerian Kiggundu, Nida Parks, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Maria Carrasco, Katharine Kripke

Background

The new World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS strategic framework for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) aims to increase VMMC coverage among males aged 10–29 years in priority settings to 90% by 2021. We use mathematical modeling to assess the likelihood that selected countries will achieve this objective, given their historical VMMC progress and current implementation options.

Methods

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Call for Abstracts: 4th Southern African HIV Clinicians Society Conference

Closing date

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference focuses on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers. The 2018 conference programme has been carefully designed to benefit all health care practitioners, with topics ranging from new antiretroviral drugs, AIDS-related complications, opportunistic infections, promoting adherence and ethical issues.

Predictors of timely linkage-to-ART within universal test and treat in the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in Zambia and South Africa: findings from a nested case-control study

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Yes
Author
Sabapathy K, Mubekapi-Musadaidzwa C, Mulubwa C, Schaap A, Hoddinott G, Stangl A, Floyd S, Ayles H, Fidler S, Hayes R

HPTN 071 (PopART) is a three-arm community randomized trial in Zambia and South Africa evaluating the impact of a combination HIV prevention package, including universal test and treat (UTT), on HIV incidence. This nested study examined factors associated with timely linkage-to-care and ART initiation (TLA) (i.e. within six-months of referral) in the context of UTT within the intervention communities of the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial.

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Recording and Q&A session: Improving early infant diagnosis webinar

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Yes
Author
The Strengthening High Impact Interventions for an AIDS-free Generation (AIDSFree) Project

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of infants through to their final HIV status. HIV-infected, untreated infants have rapid disease progression and high mortality—half of HIV‐infected infants will die by age 2 without treatment.

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Are we meeting the HIV service needs of people living in informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa?

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Yes
Author
Project SOAR

Communities in South Africa’s informal settlements consist of ad-hoc and improvised housing whose residents seek opportunities for employment in the surrounding area. Since the settlements are unplanned, they are often underserved by municipal services, are under-represented politically, and lack accessible healthcare and economic opportunities. This can create an environment that increases residents’ risks for HIV and sexual and gender-based violence.

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“It was pain. That’s it. It was pain.” Lack of oral health care among otherwise healthy young adults living with HIV in South Africa: A qualitative study

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Yes
Author
R. Frederick Lambert, Catherine Orrell, Jessica E. Haberer

The purpose of this study is to understand engagement with and availability of dental services among people living with HIV in a low-income community of South Africa. In depth qualitative interviewing was used to collect data, which was analyzed using an inductive content analytical approach. The study was conducted in Gugulethu, a township community located outside of Cape Town, South Africa. Local public sector health services provided free of charge are the main source of primary health and dental care for this population.

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