risk perception

Knowledge, risk perception and access to healthcare services for HIV and tuberculosis among university students in Johannesburg, South Africa

Author
D Evans, N Musakwa, C Nattey, J Bor, E Lonnermark, C Larshans, S Andreasson, P Nyasulu, L Long
An increasingly diverse body of students is entering university in South Africa. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are pressing health issues for this vulnerable population and the university campus offers an opportunity to intervene with health promotion activities. This study describes knowledge and risk perception of TB and HIV among high school leavers entering tertiary education.
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Predictors of HIV, HIV Risk Perception, and HIV Worry among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Lilongwe, Malawi

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Yes
Author
Odoyo-June, E., Agot, K., Grund, J.M., et al.

This study in Malawi examined risk factors associated with HIV infection and determined if risk factors were associated with HIV risk perception and worry among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) ages 15–24. Baseline surveys were disseminated among AGYW enrolled in a Girl Power study. Among the 1,000 girls, 33 reported being HIV-positive; 69 percent reported having a negative HIV test within the past six months; 17 percent reported having a negative HIV test over six months earlier; and 14 percent had never been tested.

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Which Psychological Factors are Related to HIV Testing? A Quantitative Systematic Review of Global Studies.

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Yes
Author
Evangeli M, Pady K, Wroe AL.

Deciding to test for HIV is necessary for receiving HIV treatment and care among those who are HIV-positive. This article presents a systematic review of quantitative studies on relationships between psychological (cognitive and affective) variables and HIV testing. Sixty two studies were included (fifty six cross sectional). Most measured lifetime testing. HIV knowledge, risk perception and stigma were the most commonly measured psychological variables. Meta-analysis was carried out on the relationships between HIV knowledge and testing, and HIV risk perception and testing.

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HIV and AIDS risk perception among sex workers in semi-urban Blantyre, Malawi

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Yes
Author
Donatien Twizelimana and Adamson S. Muula

Several health behaviour theories propose that risk perception affects the likelihood of behaviour intentions and practice. The perception of risk to HIV and AIDS among female sex workers in Malawi has not been well described. Yet knowledge of how this most at risk population perceives contagion could help in informing the design, implementation and monitoring of interventions. 

 

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“Bend a Fish When the Fish Is Not Yet Dry”: Adolescent Boys’ Perceptions of Sexual Risk in Tanzania

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Yes
Author
on E. Claxton, Haylee K. DeLuca, Manfred H. M. van Dulmen

Despite decades of effort, the spread of HIV/AIDS continues among many African young people. A key contributor is unsafe sexual behavior that is desired, persuaded, or coerced. We explored the masculinity norms shaping pubescent boys’ perceptions of and engagement in (unsafe) sexual behaviors in Tanzania. Through a comparative case study in rural and urban Tanzania, qualitative and participatory methods were used with 160 adolescent boys in and out of school to better understand the social and contextual factors promoting unsafe sexual behaviors.

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