There are an estimated 1.9 million new HIV infections a year globally, a disproportionate number of which are among young men who have sex with men. HIV responses that are dictated from the top-down suffer from lack of ownership and community assent. We urgently need to support interventions on sexual health and rights that are innovative and strategically deployed by and for gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men.
HIV and STIs among men who have sex with men in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study
This cross-sectional study examined the prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dodoma Municipality, Tanzania. They used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 409 MSM aged 18 years and over. Participants completed a survey on sociodemographics, knowledge of HIV and STIs, and sexual practices and were tested for HIV and selected STIs. The findings showed an HIV prevalence of 17.4 percent; STIs were also present, particularly herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) (present in 38.5% of participating MSM).
Health Provider Views on Improving Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Coastal Kenya
HIV-positive Kenyan men who have sex with men (MSM) are a highly stigmatized group facing barriers to care engagement and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Because care providers' views are important in improving outcomes, we sought the perspective of those serving MSM patients on how to optimize ART adherence in a setting where same-sex behavior is criminalized. We conducted 4 focus group discussions with a total of 29 healthcare workers (HCWs) experienced in providing HIV care to MSM.
Geographical disparities in HIV prevalence and care among men who have sex with men in Malawi: results from a multisite cross-sectional survey
Epidemiological assessment of geographical heterogeneity of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) is necessary to inform HIV prevention and care strategies in the more generalised HIV epidemics across sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi. We aimed to measure the HIV prevalence, risks, and access to HIV care among MSM across multiple localities to better inform HIV programming for MSM in Malawi.
Researchers from the Dutch pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) demonstration study, AmPrEP, have found an unexpectedly high rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in participants tested for it at baseline.
The HCV prevalence seen was more typical of that seen in HIV-positive gay men rather than the much lower rates seen in HIV-negative men.
To create an AIDS-free future, it’s essential that no one gets left behind. Yet lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) men and women are falling through the cracks. Gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) face 19 times the HIV prevalence of the general population.
The rectal mucosa and condomless receptive anal intercourse in HIV-negative MSM: implications for HIV transmission and prevention
Most HIV transmissions among men who have sex with men (MSM), the group that accounted for 67% of new US infections in 2014, occur via exposure to the rectal mucosa. However, it is unclear how the act of condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI) may alter the mucosal immune environment in HIV-negative MSM. Here, we performed a comprehensive characterization of the rectal mucosal immune environment for the phenotype and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by CD4 and CD8 T cells, global transcriptomic analyses, and the composition of microbiota in HIV-negative MSM.
Information and communications technologies: Engaging the private sector and communities in HIV programmes with gay men and other men who have sex with men
According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), information and communication technology (ICT) represents an important resource for enhancing the reach and effectiveness of HIV programming, as gay men and other men who have sex with men already use ICT to facilitate many kinds of interactions. However, the scale-up of public–private partnerships with respect to ICT is underexplored: The public and private sectors often work separately with regard to ICT and HIV messaging, or their relationship rarely goes beyond banner ads in apps and on websites.