male circumcision

Age targeting and scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision in Mozambique

The voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program in Mozambique aimed to increase male circumcision (MC) coverage to 80 percent among males ages 10 to 49 by 2018. Given the difficulty in attracting adult men over age 20 for circumcision, Mozambique became interested in assessing its age-targeting strategy and progress at the provincial level to inform program planning.
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Association between male circumcision and women's biomedical health outcomes: a systematic review

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Yes
Author
Grund, Jonathan M et al.

Male circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV and some sexually transmitted infections from heterosexual exposure, and is essential for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have also investigated associations between male circumcision and risk of acquisition of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. We aimed to review all evidence on associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes to benefit women's health programmes.

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Male Circumcision: Policy & Programming

Purpose: The evidence is compelling – male circumcision (MC) reduces female-to-male transmission of HIV by approximately 60%. MC provides additional "back-up" protection to methods such as abstinence, being faithful/partner reduction, and using condoms.

Identification of Key Beliefs Explaining Male Circumcision Motivation Among Adolescent Boys in Zimbabwe: Targets for Behavior Change Communication

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Yes
Author
Kasprzyk, D., Tshimanga, M., Hamilton, D.T., et al.

This study examined specific factors that explain adolescent boys’ level of motivation to undergo male circumcision (MC) in Zimbabwe. It applied the Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) as the theoretic framework. The IBM focuses on six constructs. Three constructs are determinants of intention, specifically attitude, social influence, and personal agency.

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Scaling up adult male circumcision calculated to have HIV prevention benefits additional to those seen with 90-90-90 treatment target

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Yes
Author
Michael Carter

Scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in countries with a high HIV prevalence has the potential to reduce incidence of new infections over and above the level associated with attainment of the 90-90-90 treatment target, according to a modelling study published in PLOS One

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Educating religious leaders to promote uptake of male circumcision in Tanzania: a cluster randomised trial

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Yes
Author
Downs, Jennifer A et al.

Male circumcision is being widely deployed as an HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV incidence, but its uptake in sub-Saharan Africa has been below targets. We did a study to establish whether educating religious leaders about male circumcision would increase uptake in their village.

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Meet Albert Cosmas, A Traditional Healer Who Became A VMMC Ambassador

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Yes
Author
Silvery Tesha with Lusepo Kipenya

Background

Kaliua District, Tabora—As a traditional healer, Albert Cosmas uses experience with rituals and knowledge about herbal remedies he learned from his grandfather to heal people in his village of Ikombaboba.

One service he does not provide, however, is male circumcision, which is not a norm for the Nyamwezi people, the predominant tribe in his community.

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