With the scale up of high-impact interventions to address high infectious disease prevalence comes with it an ever-increasing volume of health care waste. This increase in generated waste poses risk for health workers, patients, communities, and the environment. AIDSFree assessed the suitable waste treatment technologies, developed equipment specifications, and established operating parameters for health care waste treatment.
Assessing the impact of mHealth interventions in low- and middle-income countries – what has been shown to work?
Background: Low-cost mobile devices, such as mobile phones, tablets, and personal digital assistants, which can access voice and data services, have revolutionised access to information and communication technology worldwide. These devices have a major impact on many aspects of people's lives, from business and education to health. This paper reviews the current evidence on the specific impacts of mobile technologies on tangible health outcomes (mHealth) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), from the perspectives of various stakeholders.
Invitation Cards during Pregnancy Enhance Male Partner Involvement in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Blantyre, Malawi: A Randomized Controlled Open Label Trial
Male involvement (MI) is vital for the uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) interventions. Partner notification (PN) is among the strategies identified for MI in PMTCT services. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of an invitation card to the male partners as a strategy for MI in PMTCT services by comparing the proportion of pregnant women that were accompanied by their partners between the intervention and the non-intervention study groups.
The Impact of HIV Care and Support Interventions on Key Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Literature Review
As of December 2013, an estimated 35 million persons were living with HIV; approximately two thirds of these people were living in sub-Saharan Africa. The response to the HIV pandemic in Africa and in other low- and middle-income regions of the world has consisted of a variety of bilateral and multilateral support from donor agencies, and local support from countries. A majority of the support has been directed toward HIV care and treatment.
The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality And HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review Of Evaluation Studies
According to “The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality and HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review of Evaluation Studies,” by Nicole Haberland of the Population Council, curriculum-based programs that address gender and power are more likely than those that do not to show reductions in rates of STIs and unintended pregnancy. Among the studies from various countries included in the review, fully 80% of the evaluations of interventions that addressed gender or power were linked to significantly lower rates of STIs or unintended pregnancy, compared with 17% of those that did not.
Disclosure of HIV serostatus among pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
Disclosure of one's HIV status can help to improve uptake and retention in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services; yet, it remains a challenge for many women. This systematic review evaluates disclosure rates among pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa, timing of disclosure, and factors affecting decisions to disclose.
CROI 2015: Trial to evaluate the use of health navigators to link HIV/TB patients to care and treatment fails to show positive results
At its peak, the AIDS epidemic resulted in millions of deaths annually and decreases in life expectancy around the world. Across sub-Saharan Africa, life expectancy was estimated to decrease by 20 years. Expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has begun to reverse these ill fortunes, with improvements in population-based estimates in life expectancy.