HIV testing and counseling (HTC)

Index testing, risk network referral, enhanced peer outreach approach: What’s the difference?

This brief provides clear and concise detail about various testing strategies which can be used to ensure efficient case-finding, including index testing, risk network referral, and the enhanced peer outreach approach.
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Scoring big with Grassroot Soccer at SA AIDS 2019

The biennial South African AIDS Conference (SA AIDS 2019), which took place earlier this month in Durban, South Africa, was an opportunity to meet a diverse range of players in the field of HIV and AIDS -- and one of the most innovative and inspiring of these is definitely Grassroot Soccer (GRS), so the SHARE team was really excited to get the chance to chat with some of the organization’s coaches, or young adult mentors, and master trainers about the work they are doing and what brought them to the conference.
Author
Aubrey Weber, Johanna Theunissen and Danya-Zee Pedra

Breaking the cycle of transmission: Finding new ways to reach young men with HIV services in South Africa

South Africa’s health data demonstrate that young men are less likely to test for HIV and less likely to start treatment when diagnosed as HIV-positive. Young men living with HIV often transmit the virus to younger female partners, contributing to an inter-generational cycle of transmission. Consequently, it is important to ensure men are fully incorporated into a holistic response in order to achieve epidemic control.

Author
Johanna Theunissen, Communications Officer, Technical Support to PEPFAR Programs, Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation Malawi

9th SA AIDS Conference 2019

The 9th South African AIDS Conference took place from 11-14 June 2019 in Durban, South Africa, and the SHARE team was there to bring you updates, related content, and live coverage! The Conference focused on unprecedented scientific, social and digital innovations and technologies which could expand possibilities and opportunities towards controlling the HIV and AIDS epidemic. It also aimed to determine how contemporary explosive and disruptive technologies can contribute towards sustained HIV prevention efforts, HIV testing, ART uptake and adherence, trigger the development of new drugs, effectively utilise enormous volumes of data, and improve communication and service delivery, and eventually end the epidemic. Browse our dedicated SA AIDS 2019 page here.
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The use of home-based HIV testing and counseling in low-and-middle income countries: A scoping review

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for both prevention and treatment of HIV infection. However, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), only 10% of the population has access to HIV testing services. Home-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) is one of the approaches which have been shown to be effective in improving access to HIV testing in LMICs. The objective of this review was to map evidence on the use of home-based HTC in LMICs.

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Using mHealth to Deliver a Home-Based Testing and Counseling Program to Improve Linkage to Care and ART Adherence in Rural South Africa

Community-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) programs have become an important part of the healthcare system in South Africa and other low- and middle-income countries with a high HIV prevalence and strained primary healthcare system. Current HTC programs excel at identifying people living with HIV (PLH) but leave gaps in linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) as most HTC programs do not have the capacity to ensure that linkage has occurred.
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National age-of-consent laws and adolescent HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a propensity-score matched study

Author
Britt McKinnon & Ashley Vandermorris

Age-of-consent laws can be a barrier to adolescents accessing relevant HIV/AIDS services. This study provides new evidence that a lower legal age of consent could address this barrier, especially in countries with more restrictive legislation, and increase HIV testing and counselling uptake.

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Knowledge is power — Know your status, know your viral load

Author
UNAIDS

For people who may have been exposed to HIV, knowledge is critical to making informed decisions about their future. An HIV test is a serious event with potentially serious outcomes. But no matter the result, the test provides vital information. A negative result is an opportunity to take deliberate steps to prevent future acquisition through prevention methods tailored to that individual’s risks. A positive test result—and a confirmatory diagnosis—is never welcome news, but for people living with HIV, it is a necessary first step towards a long and healthy life.

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World AIDS Day 2018

Venue
Global

Live life positively – know your HIV status

As we commemorate the 30th World AIDS Day, UNAIDS is making a global call for increased access to HIV testing and increased uptake of HIV testing. This is to ensure that the 9.4 million people around the world who are unaware of their HIV-positive status can access treatment and that people who are HIV-negative can continue to protect themselves against the virus.

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