HIV testing

Perceived HIV-related stigma among university students in South Africa: implications for HIV testing

Author
Firoza Haffejee, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Thulasizwe Buthelezi & Ayesha B M Kharsany

HIV-related stigma, and particularly perceived stigma, has a negative impact across the HIV care continuum. This study adds to our understanding of stigma by assessing how perceived stigma varies from one context to another and how such differences are associated with the location where individuals would prefer an HIV test. We used self-administered questionnaire data (n = 378) obtained from a convenience sample of students (18 years and older) attending a tertiary education institution in Durban, South Africa.

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Facilitators and barriers for HIV-testing in Zambia: A systematic review of multi-level factors

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Yes
Author
Shan Qiao, Yao Zhang , Xiaoming Li, J. Anitha Menon

It was estimated that 1.2 million people live with HIV/AIDS in Zambia by 2015. Zambia has developed and implemented diverse programs to reduce the prevalence in the country. HIV-testing is a critical step in HIV treatment and prevention, especially among all the key populations. However, there is no systematic review so far to demonstrate the trend of HIV-testing studies in Zambia since 1990s or synthesis the key factors that associated with HIV-testing practices in the country.

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Economic incentives for HIV testing by adolescents in Zimbabwe: a randomised controlled trial

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Yes
Author
Katharina Kranzer, Victoria Simms, Tsitsi Bandason, Ethel Dauya, Grace McHugh, Shungu Munyati, Prosper Chonzi, Suba Dakshina, Hilda Mujuru, Helen A Weiss, Rashida A Ferrand

HIV testing is the important entry point for HIV care and prevention service, but uptake of HIV testing and thus coverage of antiretroviral therapy are much lower in older children and adolescents than in adults. We investigated the effect of economic incentives provided to caregivers of children aged 8–17 years on uptake of HIV testing and counselling in Harare, Zimbabwe.

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UNAIDS Right to health report

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Yes
Author
UNAIDS

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had access to the life-saving medicines. Such a dramatic scale-up could not have happened without the courage and determination of people living with HIV demanding and claiming their rights, backed up by steady, strong leadership and financial commitment. 

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Costs of facility-based HIV testing in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe

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Yes
Author
Mwenge L, Sande L, Mangenah C, Ahmed N, Kanema S, d'Elbée M, Sibanda E, Kalua T, Ncube G, Johnson CC, Hatzold K, Cowan FM, Corbett EL, Ayles H, Maheswaran H, Terris-Prestholt F.

Providing HIV testing at health facilities remains the most common approach to ensuring access to HIV treatment and prevention services for the millions of undiagnosed HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. We sought to explore the costs of providing these services across three southern African countries with high HIV burden.

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Confronting discrimination

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Yes
Author
UNAIDS

This report compiles the latest body of evidence on how stigma and discrimination create barriers across the HIV prevention, testing and treatment cascades and reduce the impact of the AIDS response. The report also brings together best practices on confronting stigma and discrimination, providing a valuable resource for programme managers, policy-makers, health-care providers and communities.

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