HIV status

Knowledge is power — Know your status, know your viral load

Author
UNAIDS

For people who may have been exposed to HIV, knowledge is critical to making informed decisions about their future. An HIV test is a serious event with potentially serious outcomes. But no matter the result, the test provides vital information. A negative result is an opportunity to take deliberate steps to prevent future acquisition through prevention methods tailored to that individual’s risks. A positive test result—and a confirmatory diagnosis—is never welcome news, but for people living with HIV, it is a necessary first step towards a long and healthy life.

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Talking to children about their HIV status: a review of available resources, tools, and models for improving and promoting pediatric disclosure

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
S. Wright, A. Amzel, N. Ikoro, M. Srivastava, S. Leclerc-Madlala, S. Bowsky, H. Miller & B.R. Phelps

As children living with HIV (CLHIV) grow into adolescence and adulthood, caregivers and healthcare providers are faced with the sensitive challenge of when to disclose to a CLHIV his or her HIV status. Despite WHO recommendations for CLHIV to know their status, in countries most affected by HIV, effective resources are often limited, and national guidance on disclosure is often lacking. To address the need for effective resources, gray and scientific literature was searched to identify existing tools and resources that can aid in the disclosure process.

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Why do marital partners of people living with HIV not test for HIV? A qualitative study in Lusaka, Zambia

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Maurice Musheke, Sonja Merten and Virginia Bond

Background

Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this.

Methods

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Things to Consider Before Disclosing Your HIV Status at Work

Michael Bryce, a project manager for a financial services firm, hesitated before disclosing his HIV status on Facebook—in a post that would be seen by many of his work colleagues. He had already come out as gay at work, but only a few close friends knew that he had been living with HIV for 30 years.

“After I wrote the post, I sat there for like 20 minutes, thinking, ‘Should I post it? Should I not?’ And then I finally took a deep breath, clicked, closed the laptop, and walked away,” said Bryce.

Author
Emily Newman
Source
BETA

The Effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention and Reproductive Health Text Messages on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing Among Young Women in Rural Kenya

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Njuguna, Njambi MBChB, MSc, MPH; Ngure, Kenneth MPH, PhD; Mugo, Nelly MBChB, MMed, MPH; Sambu, Carrole BSc; Sianyo, Christopher BSc; Gakuo, Stephen BSc; Irungu, Elizabeth MBChB, MPH; Baeten, Jared MD, MPH, PhD; Heffron, Renee MPH, PhD

More than half of HIV–infected individuals in Kenya are unaware of their status, and young women carry a disproportionate burden of incident HIV infections. We sought to determine the effect of an SMS intervention on uptake of HIV testing among female Kenyan college students.

The study found that use of weekly text messages about HIV prevention and reproductive health significantly increased rates of HIV testing among young Kenyan women and would be feasible to implement widely among school populations.

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A hybrid mobile approach for population-wide HIV testing in rural east Africa: an observational study

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Chamie, Gabriel et al.

Despite large investments in HIV testing, only an estimated 45% of HIV-infected people in sub-Saharan Africa know their HIV status. Optimum methods for maximising population-level testing remain unknown. We sought to show the effectiveness of a hybrid mobile HIV testing approach at achieving population-wide testing coverage.

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