For people who may have been exposed to HIV, knowledge is critical to making informed decisions about their future. An HIV test is a serious event with potentially serious outcomes. But no matter the result, the test provides vital information. A negative result is an opportunity to take deliberate steps to prevent future acquisition through prevention methods tailored to that individual’s risks. A positive test result—and a confirmatory diagnosis—is never welcome news, but for people living with HIV, it is a necessary first step towards a long and healthy life.
UNAIDS welcomes additional evidence from Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, and South Africa on progress towards the 2020 targets
HIV Status Disclosure Among Postpartum Women in Zambia with Varied Intimate Partner Violence Experiences
Reaching the ‘first 90’: Gaps in coverage of HIV testing among people living with HIV in 16 African countries
Talking to children about their HIV status: a review of available resources, tools, and models for improving and promoting pediatric disclosure
As children living with HIV (CLHIV) grow into adolescence and adulthood, caregivers and healthcare providers are faced with the sensitive challenge of when to disclose to a CLHIV his or her HIV status. Despite WHO recommendations for CLHIV to know their status, in countries most affected by HIV, effective resources are often limited, and national guidance on disclosure is often lacking. To address the need for effective resources, gray and scientific literature was searched to identify existing tools and resources that can aid in the disclosure process.
Why do marital partners of people living with HIV not test for HIV? A qualitative study in Lusaka, Zambia
Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this.
Michael Bryce, a project manager for a financial services firm, hesitated before disclosing his HIV status on Facebook—in a post that would be seen by many of his work colleagues. He had already come out as gay at work, but only a few close friends knew that he had been living with HIV for 30 years.
“After I wrote the post, I sat there for like 20 minutes, thinking, ‘Should I post it? Should I not?’ And then I finally took a deep breath, clicked, closed the laptop, and walked away,” said Bryce.
The Effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention and Reproductive Health Text Messages on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing Among Young Women in Rural Kenya
More than half of HIV–infected individuals in Kenya are unaware of their status, and young women carry a disproportionate burden of incident HIV infections. We sought to determine the effect of an SMS intervention on uptake of HIV testing among female Kenyan college students.
The study found that use of weekly text messages about HIV prevention and reproductive health significantly increased rates of HIV testing among young Kenyan women and would be feasible to implement widely among school populations.
A hybrid mobile approach for population-wide HIV testing in rural east Africa: an observational study
Despite large investments in HIV testing, only an estimated 45% of HIV-infected people in sub-Saharan Africa know their HIV status. Optimum methods for maximising population-level testing remain unknown. We sought to show the effectiveness of a hybrid mobile HIV testing approach at achieving population-wide testing coverage.