HIV risk factors

Impact of early antiretroviral treatment on sexual behaviour: A randomised comparison

A strategy of early ART had no effect on condomless sex with HIV-serodifferent partners among MSM, but resulted in modestly higher prevalence among heterosexuals. However, among MSM and heterosexuals, early ART resulted in a substantial reduction in HIV-transmission-risk sex, to a very low absolute level.
Include in home page features rotation
Off

Infographic: What women want — Issues and opportunities through the life cycle

Girls and women are at the centre of the AIDS response. Factors including age, ethnicity, gender inequities, disability, sexual orientation, profession and socioeconomic status compound to influence girls’ and women’s ability to protect themselves from HIV. Programming efforts must recognize the complexity of the everyday lives of girls and women as they mature and grow and build the response around their needs.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Does a history of sexual and physical childhood abuse contribute to HIV infection risk in adulthood? A study among post-natal women in Harare, Zimbabwe

This cross sectional survey conducted among 2,042 postnatal women attending six public primary health care clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe investigated whether a history of child physical and sexual abuse is associated with HIV infection.
Include in home page features rotation
Off

Accuracy and Utility of the AUDIT-C with Adolescent Girls and Young Women (AGYW) Who Engage in HIV Risk Behaviors in South Africa

Hazardous drinking is a risk factor associated with sexual risk, gender-based violence, and HIV transmission in South Africa. Consequently, sound and appropriate measurement of drinking behavior is critical to determining what constitutes hazardous drinking. Many research studies use internal consistency estimates as the determining factor in psychometric assessment; however, deeper assessments are needed to best define a measurement tool.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Study finds HIV care, diagnosis barriers for men fueling epidemic among young women

Young women who have sexual relationships with older men often are dealing with inequitable power dynamics, little capacity to negotiate safe sex or to refuse sex, and—therefore —a greater risk of acquiring HIV. In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent girls and young women are disproportionately affected by HIV, which has led to a heightened emphasis on understanding the characteristics of their male sexual partners. It also points attention to the fact that men are less often reached with HIV testing, care, and continued treatment—the 90-90-90 HIV care cascade.

Author
Zahra Reynolds, MEASURE Evaluation
Source
Science Speaks

HIV prevention: mapping Mozambican people's views on the acceptability of the widow's sexual cleansing ritual called pita-kufa

BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, the widow is traditionally required to undergo a cleansing ritual called pita-kufa, which generally involves several sessions of unprotected sexual intercourse with the brother of her deceased husband. This ritual may play a role in the spread of HIV and reveals, to some degree, the subordinate position to which women are subjected in Mozambican society.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

New research underscores the connection between economics and HIV

Over the last three decades, a range of biomedical and behavioral approaches have dramatically reduced HIV incidence throughout the world and improved the quality and availability of life-saving treatment for those living with HIV. Yet HIV remains a major public health issue and the leading cause of adult death in sub-Saharan Africa.

Author
Mandy Swann
Source
Research for Evidence

Effect of HSV-2 infection on subsequent HIV acquisition: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Katharine J Looker, Jocelyn A R Elmes, Sami L Gottlieb, Joshua T Schiffer, Peter Vickerman, Katherine M E Turner, Marie-Claude Boily

HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections cause a substantial global disease burden and are epidemiologically correlated. Two previous systematic reviews of the association between HSV-2 and HIV found evidence that HSV-2 infection increases the risk of HIV acquisition, but these reviews are now more than a decade old.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Effects of injectable progestogen contraception versus the copper intrauterine device on HIV acquisition: sub-study of a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
G Justus Hofmeyr, Mandisa Singata-Madliki, Theresa A Lawrie, Eduardo Bergel, Marleen Temmerman

Background Evidence from observational studies suggests an increased risk of HIV acquisition among women using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraception.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Trading sex for security: Unemployment and the unequal HIV burden among young women in developing nations

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Kelly F Austin, Michelle M Choi, Virginia Berndt

Young women in their late teens and early twenties are especially susceptible to HIV infection in developing nations, as incidence of HIV is growing most rapidly among females aged 15–24 years. While prior research considers the role of various social and economic gender stratification measures to explain trends in the female HIV burden, the potential influence of unemployment has not yet been considered, nor has there been explicit focus on the empirical drivers of young women’s HIV.

Include in home page features rotation
Off
Subscribe to HIV risk factors