HIV-related stigma

HIV-positive Mozambican migrants in South Africa: loneliness, secrecy and disclosure

South Africa continues to bear a heavy burden of HIV and a significant proportion of the nation's population consists of immigrants from other severely afflicted African nations. Yet little is known about how migrant populations respond to HIV in shifting cultural and clinical landscapes.
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I don't want them to know: how stigma creates dilemmas for engagement with Treat-all HIV care for people living with HIV in Eswatini

Drawing on Goffman's stigma work, we aimed to investigate how stigma may influence the engagement of clinically asymptomatic people living with HIV (PLHIV) with Treat-all HIV care in Shiselweni, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland). This longitudinal research comprised 106 interviews conducted from August 2016 to September 2017, including repeated interviews with 30 PLHIV, and one-off interviews with 20 healthcare workers.
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Perceived HIV-related stigma among university students in South Africa: implications for HIV testing

Author
Firoza Haffejee, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Thulasizwe Buthelezi & Ayesha B M Kharsany

HIV-related stigma, and particularly perceived stigma, has a negative impact across the HIV care continuum. This study adds to our understanding of stigma by assessing how perceived stigma varies from one context to another and how such differences are associated with the location where individuals would prefer an HIV test. We used self-administered questionnaire data (n = 378) obtained from a convenience sample of students (18 years and older) attending a tertiary education institution in Durban, South Africa.

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Confronting discrimination

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Yes
Author
UNAIDS

This report compiles the latest body of evidence on how stigma and discrimination create barriers across the HIV prevention, testing and treatment cascades and reduce the impact of the AIDS response. The report also brings together best practices on confronting stigma and discrimination, providing a valuable resource for programme managers, policy-makers, health-care providers and communities.

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zeroHIVdiscrimination Tool-Finder

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Yes
Author
Program on Global Health & Human Rights (GHHR) and UNAIDS

HIV-related stigma and discrimination in health care settings are known to negatively affect the HIV response. Experiences of HIV-related stigma and discrimination have been widely reported in health care settings around the world and have constituted a deterrent to accessing HIV-related and other health services.

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Personal contact with HIV-positive persons is associated with reduced HIV-related stigma: cross-sectional analysis of general population surveys from 26 countries in sub-Saharan Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Chan, B.T., Tsai, A.C.

HIV-related stigma hampers treatment and prevention efforts worldwide. Effective interventions to counter HIV-related stigma are greatly needed. Although the "contact hypothesis" suggests that personal contact with persons living with HIV (PLHIV) may reduce stigmatizing attitudes in the general population, empirical evidence in support of this hypothesis is lacking. Our aim was to estimate the association between personal contact with PLHIV and HIV-related stigma among the general population of sub-Saharan Africa.

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Technical Brief: Measuring HIV stigma and discrimination

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Yes
Author
Anne L. Stangl, Laura Brady and Katherine Fritz

To understand how HIV stigma operates and how it can be reduced, researchers need a standardised measurement framework. 

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A systematic review of interventions to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination from 2002 to 2013: how far have we come?

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Anne L Stangl, Jennifer K Lloyd, Laura M Brady, Claire E Holland, and Stefan Baral

HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to hamper efforts to prevent new infections and engage people in HIV treatment, care and support programmes. The identification of effective interventions to reduce stigma and discrimination that can be integrated into national responses is crucial to the success of the global AIDS response.

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