HIV prevalence

Status of HIV Epidemic Control Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Aged 15-24 Years - Seven African Countries, 2015-2017

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Kristin Brown et al.

In 2016, an estimated 1.5 million females aged 15-24 years were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Eastern and Southern Africa, where the prevalence of HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (3.4%) is more than double that for males in the same age range (1.6%) (1).

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Young women’s perceptions of transactional sex and sexual agency: a qualitative study in the context of rural South Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Meghna Ranganathan, Catherine MacPhail, Audrey Pettifor, Kathleen Kahn, Nomhle Khoza, Rhian Twine, Charlotte Watts and Lori Heise

Evidence shows that HIV prevalence among young women in sub-Saharan Africa increases almost five-fold between ages 15 and 24, with almost a quarter of young women infected by their early-to mid-20s. Transactional sex or material exchange for sex is a relationship dynamic that has been shown to have an association with HIV infection.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Household survey of HIV incidence in Rwanda: a national observational cohort study

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Sabin Nsanzimana, Eric Remera, Steve Kanters, Augustin Mulindabigwi, Amitabh B Suthar, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Mutagoma Mwumvaneza, Edward J Mills, Heiner C Bucher

In Rwanda, HIV prevalence among adults aged 15–49 years has been stable at 3% since 2005. The aim of this study was to characterise HIV incidence across Rwanda.

The findings suggested multiple breakouts, with multiple seroconversions occurring in three villages and two households. Incidence was higher in adults aged 36–45 years relative to those aged 16–25, higher in western province relative to the northern province, and higher in urban areas than in rural areas.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Statistical Models for Incorporating Data From Routine HIV Testing of Pregnant Women at Antenatal Clinics into HIV/AIDS Epidemic Estimates

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Sheng, B., Marsh, K., Slavkovic, A.B., et al.

HIV prevalence data collected from routine HIV testing of pregnant women at antenatal clinics (ANC-RT) are potentially available from all facilities that offer testing services to pregnant women and can be used to improve estimates of national and subnational HIV prevalence trends. We develop methods to incorporate these new data source into the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS Estimation and Projection Package in Spectrum 2017.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Geographical disparities in HIV prevalence and care among men who have sex with men in Malawi: results from a multisite cross-sectional survey

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Wirtz, Andrea L et al.

Epidemiological assessment of geographical heterogeneity of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) is necessary to inform HIV prevention and care strategies in the more generalised HIV epidemics across sub-Saharan Africa, including Malawi. We aimed to measure the HIV prevalence, risks, and access to HIV care among MSM across multiple localities to better inform HIV programming for MSM in Malawi.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Neglect of infectious diseases in prisons highlighted at AIDS 2016

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Theo Smart

“Prisoners are among the most neglected of the key populations; they bear higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis than in the communities from which they come,” said Professor Chris Beyrer of Johns Hopkins University and outgoing President of the International AIDS Society. He was speaking during a symposia dedicated to a special issue of The Lancet, published to coincide with the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa, containing a comprehensive series of reviews on HIV and related infections in prisoners.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Prevalence of HIV and Associated Risks of Sex Work among Youth in the Slums of Kampala

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Monica H. Swahn, Rachel Culbreth, Laura F. Salazar, Rogers Kasirye and Janet Seeley

The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of and risk factors for engaging in sex work among youth living in Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on a cross-sectional study (N = 1,134) of youth aged 12-18 years, living in the slums of Kampala, conducted in Spring of 2014. The analytic sample consisted of only sexually active youth (n = 590). Youth who reported engaging in sex work were compared to youth who did not report sex work. Multivariable analyses were conducted to examine factors associated with sex work.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

AIDS Indicator Survey (AIS)

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program

The AIDS Indicator Survey (AIS) was developed to provide countries with a standardized tool to obtain indicators for effective monitoring of national HIV/AIDS programs.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Consensus estimates on key population size and HIV prevalence in Tanzania

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
NACP

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and the Tanzania Commission for AIDS have expressed a need for key population HIV prevalence and group size estimates to identify the costs of the Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework on HIV and AIDS; the Third Health Sector HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (HSHSP III); and other HIV prevention, care, and treatment strategies.

Include in home page features rotation
Off
Subscribe to HIV prevalence