Lesotho's HIV prevalence among pregnant women is 28%. In 2013, Lesotho's Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program adopted Option B+ and revitalized the village health worker (VHW) program to strengthen community level PMTCT. The national goal was to test 95% of HIV-exposed infants (HEI) at 2 and 18 months and reduce transmission rates to
We reviewed routinely collected PMTCT data of infants aged
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV Option B+ cascade in rural Tanzania: The One Stop Clinic model
Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting.
Uninfected pregnant or breastfeeding women in high incidence areas have been suggested as a potential target population for PrEP, but infants exposed to HIV through breastfeeding have not been mentioned. Numerous public declarations and petitions have produced a strong advocacy for extension of the PrEP principle to all high risk populations exposed to HIV, considering access to PrEP as part of human rights.
CROI: Tenofovir/emtricitabine/efavirenz less likely to cause adverse birth outcomes than other regimens, Botswana study finds
Infants exposed to an antiretroviral regimen of tenofovir, emtricitabine and efavirenz (Atripla) from conception experienced fewer adverse birth outcomes compared to other three-drug regimens, according to a study of births in Botswana between 2014 and 2016, presented on Tuesday at the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle.
One of the last frontiers in the “no new HIV infections” goal is early infant diagnosis (EID): diagnosing and treating HIV-exposed and -positive infants. EID is urgent in the context of the epidemic: Up to 30 percent of HIV-positive babies will die within 12 months if not treated (EGPAF 2016). Aida Yemaneberhan, Technical Advisor for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) at AIDSFree, and Sabrina Eagan, Technical Advisor for Adult and Pediatric Treatment at AIDSFree, described the challenges of EID and what AIDSFree is doing to support this critical service.
South Africa (SA) is likely to meet the National Strategic Plan target of
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of substituting this recommendation for the post-weaning HIV testing recommended by SA guidelines.
Despite improvements in PMTCT services in low- and middle-income countries, there are still almost 200,000 new paediatric HIV infections annually in sub-Saharan Africa. This has led to early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) programmes becoming a public health priority, but until recently, EID has required specialist laboratory equipment and trained personnel which is only feasible in urban, centralized facilities.