HIV diagnosis

The rebellious man: Next-of-kin accounts of the death of a male relative on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa

The HIV response is hampered by many obstacles to progression along the HIV care cascade, with men, in particular, experiencing different forms of disruption. One group of men, whose stories remain untold, are those who have succumbed to HIV-related illness. In this paper, we explore how next-of-kin account for the death of a male relative.
Include in home page features rotation
Off

To err is human, to correct is public health: a systematic review examining poor quality testing and misdiagnosis of HIV status

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Cheryl C. Johnson, Virginia Fonner, Anita Sands, Nathan Ford, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Sharon Tsui, Vincent Wong, Rachel Baggaley

In accordance with global testing and treatment targets, many countries are seeking ways to reach the “90-90-90” goals, starting with diagnosing 90% of all people with HIV. Quality HIV testing services are needed to enable people with HIV to be diagnosed and linked to treatment as early as possible. It is essential that opportunities to reach people with undiagnosed HIV are not missed, diagnoses are correct and HIV-negative individuals are not inadvertently initiated on life-long treatment.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

JIAS Supplement: Programmatic and public health implications of misdiagnosis of HIV

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes

The Journal of the International AIDS Society just launched a supplement entitled ‘Programmatic and public health implications of misdiagnosis of HIV’. This supplement was guest edited by Cheryl C. Johnson (World Health Organization), Shona Dalal (World Health Organization) and Miriam Taegtmeyer (Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine).

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Towards more accurate HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-site evaluation of HIV RDTs and risk factors for false positives

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Cara S Kosack, Anne-Laure Page, Greet Beelaert, Tumwesigye Benson, Aboubacar Savane, Anne Ng’ang’a, Bita Andre, Jean-Paul BN Zahinda, Leslie Shanks, Katrien Fransen

Although individual HIV rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) show good performance in evaluations conducted by WHO, reports from several African countries highlight potentially significant performance issues. Despite widespread use of RDTs for HIV diagnosis in resource-constrained settings, there has been no systematic, head-to-head evaluation of their accuracy with specimens from diverse settings across sub-Saharan Africa.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Determinants of time from HIV infection to linkage-to-care in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Maheu-Giroux, Mathieu; Tanser, Frank; Boily, Marie-Claude; Pillay, Deenan; Joseph, Serene A.; Bärnighausen, Till

Objective: To estimate time from HIV infection to linkage-to-care and its determinants. Linkage-to-care is usually assessed using the date of HIV diagnosis as the starting point for exposure time. However, timing of diagnosis is likely endogenous to linkage, leading to bias in linkage estimation.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Factors Associated with PMTCT Cascade Completion in Four African Countries

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Dionne-Odom, J., Welty, T.K., Westfall, A.O., et al.

Many countries are working to reduce or eliminate mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Prevention efforts have been conceptualized as steps in a cascade but cascade completion rates during and after pregnancy are low.

Include in home page features rotation
Off

Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification Supplement to consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
WHO

Since the release of the consolidated guidelines in 2015, new evidence has emerged. Consequently, in an effort to further support countries, programme managers, health workers and other stakeholders seeking to achieve national and international HIV goals, this 2016 update issues new recommendations and additional guidance on HIV self-testing (HIVST) and assisted HIV partner notification services.

These new guidelines aim to:

Include in home page features rotation
Off
Subscribe to HIV diagnosis