HIV counseling and testing (HCT)
Repeat HIV testing practices in the era of HIV self-testing among adults in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Live life positively – know your HIV status
As we commemorate the 30th World AIDS Day, UNAIDS is making a global call for increased access to HIV testing and increased uptake of HIV testing. This is to ensure that the 9.4 million people around the world who are unaware of their HIV-positive status can access treatment and that people who are HIV-negative can continue to protect themselves against the virus.
“We FSW [female sex workers], we do not have time, we work at night and sleep during the day. If you find us at the community, we will accept the test – we only go to the clinic when we test HIV positive. Many FSW will never accept to go the clinic. If we can get ARVs in the community that would be great.” – Amon, FSW, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire
Providing HIV services in a way that reflects the preferences of various groups of people with similar needs puts clients at the center, uses health system resources more efficiently and dramatically improves outcomes.
High risk exposure to HIV among sexually active individuals who tested negative on rapid HIV Tests in the Tshwane District of South Africa—The importance of behavioural prevention measures
This study sought to assess the prevalence of HIV risk behaviour among sexually active HIV sero-negative individuals in the Tshwane district of South Africa. The study found that a large segment of sexually active people in the Tshwane district of SA have high risk exposure to HIV. The detection of newly diagnosed HIV infections in all study clinics reflects a wide distribution of individuals who are capable of sustaining HIV transmission in the setting where HIV risk behaviour is highly prevalent.
HIV testing is the important entry point for HIV care and prevention service, but uptake of HIV testing and thus coverage of antiretroviral therapy are much lower in older children and adolescents than in adults. We investigated the effect of economic incentives provided to caregivers of children aged 8–17 years on uptake of HIV testing and counselling in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Supplement: Adolescents, young people, and the 90-90-90 goals: a call to improve HIV testing and linkage to treatment
The current low rates of HIV diagnosis and treatment initiation among adolescents and young people ages 15-24 continues to present a significant challenge to the epidemic control of HIV. With a ‘business as usual’ approach to HIV testing and linkage to treatment, new infections among adolescents and youth will likely increase, with the burden compounded by the increasing number of youth in Africa, expected to reach 293 million by 2025.
Expanding HIV testing and linkage to care in southwestern Uganda with community health extension workers
Achieving the UNAIDS goals of 90–90-90 will require more than doubling the number of people accessing HIV care in Uganda. Community-based programmes for entry into HIV care are effective strategies to expand access to HIV care, but few programmes have been evaluated with a particular focus on scale-up.