HE2RO

Knowledge, risk perception and access to healthcare services for HIV and tuberculosis among university students in Johannesburg, South Africa

Author
D Evans, N Musakwa, C Nattey, J Bor, E Lonnermark, C Larshans, S Andreasson, P Nyasulu, L Long
An increasingly diverse body of students is entering university in South Africa. HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are pressing health issues for this vulnerable population and the university campus offers an opportunity to intervene with health promotion activities. This study describes knowledge and risk perception of TB and HIV among high school leavers entering tertiary education.
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Does distance to clinic affect utilization of HIV care and treatment services

Author
Dr Gesine Meyer-Rath

We assessed the relationship between distance to clinic and progression through the HIV care cascade. We have two key findings. First, distance matters but only for women. Second, for women, distance affected linkage to care, but was not associated with later transitions in the care cascade. It is possible that distance is a less important barrier once people find out their HIV status, learn about treatment, and overcome the hurdle of their first clinic visit.

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High rates of death and loss to follow-up by 12 months of rifampicin resistant TB treatment in South Africa

Author
Kamban Hirasen, Rebecca Berhanu, Denise Evans, Sydney Rosen, Ian Sanne, Lawrence Long
Treatment success rates of rifampicin resistant (RR)/multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa range from 43–48%, falling short of the World Health Organization’s target of ≥75%. We present rates and assess predictors of attrition by 12 months on treatment.
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Low prevalence of depressive symptoms among stable patients on antiretroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa

Author
Kate Shearer, Denise Evans, Barbara Xhosa, Kamban Hirasen, Craig Bracken, Kay Mahomed, Lawrence Long, Matthew P. Fox
Depression is a leading cause of disability and may be associated with decreased adherence to ART. We sought to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms and outcomes one year after screening among patients receiving ART at a large HIV Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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