diagnostic tools

A new point-of-care test to diagnose tuberculosis

In 2017, tuberculosis caused an estimated 1·6 million deaths, including 300 000 deaths among people with HIV, and surpassed HIV/AIDS to become the leading infectious cause of mortality worldwide. Approximately 36% of tuberculosis cases each year (around 3·5 million cases) are not diagnosed or reported, which might have contributed to the increase in tuberculosis prevalence.

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9th SA AIDS Conference 2019

Venue
Durban, South Africa
The 9th South African AIDS Conference will focus on scientific, social and digital innovations which could expand possibilities and opportunities towards controlling the HIV & AIDS epidemic. The conference will determine how contemporary explosive and disruptive technologies will contribute towards sustained HIV prevention efforts, HIV testing, ART uptake and adherence, trigger the development of new drugs, effectively utilise enormous volumes of data and improve communication and service delivery and eventually end the epidemic.
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Misdiagnosed HIV infection in pregnant women initiating universal ART in South Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Nei-yuan Hsiao, Allison Zerbe, Tamsin K. Phillips, Landon Myer, Elaine J. Abrams

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the primary diagnostic tools for HIV used in resource-constrained settings. Without a proper confirmation algorithm, there is concern that false-positive (FP) RDTs could result in misdiagnosis of HIV infection and inappropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation, but programmatic data on FP are few.

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Point-of-care HIV early infant diagnosis: is test sensitivity everything?

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Lorna Dunning, Nei-yuan Hsiao, Landon Myer

Despite improvements in PMTCT services in low- and middle-income countries, there are still almost 200,000 new paediatric HIV infections annually in sub-Saharan Africa. This has led to early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) programmes becoming a public health priority, but until recently, EID has required specialist laboratory equipment and trained personnel which is only feasible in urban, centralized facilities.

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