diagnosis

High rates of death and loss to follow-up by 12 months of rifampicin resistant TB treatment in South Africa

Author
Kamban Hirasen, Rebecca Berhanu, Denise Evans, Sydney Rosen, Ian Sanne, Lawrence Long
Treatment success rates of rifampicin resistant (RR)/multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa range from 43–48%, falling short of the World Health Organization’s target of ≥75%. We present rates and assess predictors of attrition by 12 months on treatment.
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Gaps in male case-finding and treatment: Insights for AIDS 2018 pre-conferences

Men are a hot topic at AIDS 2018! As part of her presentation to kick off the PEPFAR pre-conference this past weekend, Ambassador Deborah Birx shared data highlighting that while recent progress has realized a 50% decline in HIV incidence, men were not equally represented in this achievement. Sunny Sharma echoed these findings in his pre-conference talk about the unique, complex challenges and perspectives of men regarding HIV status and disclosure, which are currently being explored by Ipsos Healthcare’s qualitative and ethnographic research in southern Africa.
Author
Jon Crisp, Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation Malawi/SHARE staff

The road to elimination of hepatitis C: analysis of cures versus new infections in 91 countries

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Yes
Author
Andrew M Hill, Sanjay Nath, and Bryony Simmons

Hepatitis C (HCV) can only be eradicated if annual rates of cure (SVR) are consistently and significantly higher than new HCV infections, across many countries. In 2016, the WHO called for a 90% reduction in new HCV infection by 2030. Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) can cure the majority of those treated, at around 90% in most populations, at potentially very low prices. We compared the net annual change in epidemic size across 91 countries using data on SVR, new HCV infections, and deaths.

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Improving HIV test uptake and case finding with assisted partner notification services

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes

Despite the enormous expansion of HIV testing services (HTS), an estimated 40% of people with HIV infection remain undiagnosed. To enhance the efficiency of HTS, new approaches are needed. The WHO conducted a systematic review on the effectiveness of assisted partner notification in improving HIV test uptake and diagnosis, and the occurrence of adverse events, to inform the development of normative guidelines.

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