depression

Depression among HIV positive pregnant women in Zimbabwe: a primary health care based cross-sectional study

Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH). Depression is linked to poor adherence to anti-retroviral medication while in the peri-natal period may affect birth outcomes. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to depression. Little is known about the factors associated with depression in HIV positive pregnant women in Zimbabwe.
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'I went back to being myself': acceptability of a culturally adapted task-shifted cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) treatment for depression (Ziphamandla) for South African HIV care settings

There is a need for a culturally adapted, evidence-based, psychotherapy treatment that is effective, acceptable, and feasible for integration into primary care in South Africa. This qualitative study used exit interviews to examine participants' experiences of an adapted cognitive-behavioural therapy treatment for adherence and depression, task-shifted and delivered by nurses in two peri-urban HIV clinics near Cape Town.
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Mapping a Syndemic of Psychosocial Risks During Pregnancy Using Network Analysis

Psychosocial risks during pregnancy impact maternal health in resource-limited settings, and HIV-positive women often bear a heavy burden of these factors. This study sought to use network modeling to characterize co-occurring psychosocial risks to maternal and child health among at-risk pregnant women.
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Low prevalence of depressive symptoms among stable patients on antiretroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa

Author
Kate Shearer, Denise Evans, Barbara Xhosa, Kamban Hirasen, Craig Bracken, Kay Mahomed, Lawrence Long, Matthew P. Fox
Depression is a leading cause of disability and may be associated with decreased adherence to ART. We sought to describe the prevalence of depressive symptoms and outcomes one year after screening among patients receiving ART at a large HIV Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa.
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HIV-status disclosure and depression in the context of unintended pregnancy among South African women

Author
Brittain, K., et al.

Depressive symptoms are common among pregnant women living with HIV, and an unintended pregnancy may heighten vulnerability. HIV-status disclosure is thought to improve psychological well-being, but few quantitative studies have explored the relationships among disclosure, pregnancy intention and depression.

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Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study

Author
Chang JL et al

Evidence regarding potential adverse neuropsychiatric effects of efavirenz is conflicting, and data from sub-Saharan Africa, where 70% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) reside and efavirenz is used as first-line therapy, are limited. The objective of this study was to estimate associations between efavirenz use and depression and suicidal ideation among PLHIV in Uganda.

 

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Laughter therapy as an intervention to promote psychological well-being of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Irene Hatzipapas, Maretha J. Visser, and Estie Janse van Rensburg

The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care workers play a vital role in the support of the HIV/AIDS-infected and -affected members in communities. The nature of this type of work and their limited training contributes to high levels of secondary trauma and emotional exhaustion.

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