children

Impediments and reasons for poor management of children under five exposed to HIV in South Africa

Introduction

Despite existing health strategies and guidelines developed to counteract the problem of mother-to-child HIV transmission, it seems that only a certain number of HIV-exposed children aged under five years are managed properly. Poor implementation of guidelines has been reported as one of the factors contributing to poor management of HIV- exposed children under five years of age. However, the complexity of the problems within the South African context and forces that drive them have not been broadly explored and documented.

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Improving access to tools that detect severe illness

When sick children arrive at primary health care (PHC) facilities, it is critical that they are appropriately screened, diagnosed, and managed, and if needed, referred to urgent care without delay. Clinical signs alone do not detect all indicators of severe illness in children. In order for health care workers to make the right diagnosis, they must be equipped with the right tools and training, including access to and training for pulse oximeters and clinical decision support tools.

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Routine Monitoring of PEPFAR Orphans and Vulnerable Children Programs

Author
MEASURE Evaluation

As part of its Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) guidance, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released Version 2.3 in September 2018, which includes revised indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These indicators are intended for routine monitoring of service delivery (OVC_SERV) and HIV status (OVC_HIVSTAT) and are to be reported biannually by all global implementing partners.

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Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free — 2017 progress report

Author
UNAIDS

Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free is a collaborative framework to accelerate the end of the AIDS epidemic among children, adolescents and young women by 2020. It builds on the successes achieved under the Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) and brings additional focus to the HIV prevention and treatment needs of children and adolescents.

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Retention of children under 18 months testing HIV positive in care in Swaziland: a retrospective study

Author
Sikhondze N, Mahomed OH

 

INTRODUCTION:
Significant progress has been made with respect to the initiation of children on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Southern Africa, including Swaziland, however, retention of these children in care poses a major challenge. The aim of the study was to assess retention to care in children testing HIV positive taking into account the number of return child welfare care (CWC) visits the child made.

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Economic incentives for HIV testing by adolescents in Zimbabwe: a randomised controlled trial

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Katharina Kranzer, Victoria Simms, Tsitsi Bandason, Ethel Dauya, Grace McHugh, Shungu Munyati, Prosper Chonzi, Suba Dakshina, Hilda Mujuru, Helen A Weiss, Rashida A Ferrand

HIV testing is the important entry point for HIV care and prevention service, but uptake of HIV testing and thus coverage of antiretroviral therapy are much lower in older children and adolescents than in adults. We investigated the effect of economic incentives provided to caregivers of children aged 8–17 years on uptake of HIV testing and counselling in Harare, Zimbabwe.

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Scaling Up Pediatric HIV Testing by Incorporating Provider-Initiated HIV Testing into All Child Health Services in Hurungwe District, Zimbabwe

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Price, J.T., Rosenberg, N.E., Vanisa, D. et al.

This study examined the effectiveness of integrating provider-initiated HIV testing services into pediatric care at 33 facilities in Zimbabwe. The intervention included community awareness raising using village health workers to increase referrals for HIV testing at health facilities. Nurses were also trained to test all children under five years old who had never received HIV testing services, and all children below two years old who had a negative HIV test more than three months prior. All results were recorded in child health booklets.

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3rd International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) Conference

Venue
Durban, South Africa

Building on the success of the first International Children’s Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) Conference in Mumbai, India (February 2014), and the 2nd in Buenos Aires (May 2016), the ICPCN is delighted to bring you the 3rd ICPCN Conference: Inspiration, Innovation, Integration to take place in Durban, South Africa from Wednesday 30 May – Saturday 2 June 2018.   

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