burden of disease

Improving estimates of district HIV prevalence and burden in South Africa using small area estimation techniques

Many countries, including South Africa, have implemented population-based household surveys to estimate HIV prevalence and the burden of HIV infection. Most household HIV surveys are designed to provide reliable estimates down to only the first subnational geopolitical level which, in South Africa, is composed of nine provinces. However HIV prevalence estimates are needed down to at least the second subnational level in order to better target the delivery of HIV care, treatment and prevention services.
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Estimating the burden of disease attributable to injecting drug use as a risk factor for HIV, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Louisa Degenhardt, Fiona Charlson, Jeff Stanaway, Sarah Larney, Lily T Alexander, Matthew Hickman, Benjamin Cowie, Wayne D Hall, John Strang, Harvey Whiteford, Theo Vos

Previous estimates of the burden of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among people who inject drugs have not included estimates of the burden attributable to the consequences of past injecting. We aimed to provide these estimates as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2013.

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Global health sector strategy on Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2016-2021

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
WHO

The strategy positions the health sector response to sexually transmitted infection epidemics as critical to the achievement of universal health coverage – one of the key health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals identified in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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WHO guidelines for the treatment of Treponema pallidum (syphilis)

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
WHO

Since the publication of the WHO Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections in 2003, changes in the epidemiology of STIs and advancements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment necessitate changes in STI management. These guidelines provide updated treatment recommendations for treatment of Treponema pallidum (syphilis) based on the most recent evidence. They form one of several modules of guidelines for specific STIs.

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WHO guidelines for the treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
WHO

Since the publication of the WHO Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections in 2003, changes in the epidemiology of STIs and advancements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment necessitate changes in STI management. There is an urgent need to update treatment recommendations for gonococcal infections to respond to changing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns of N. gonorrhoeae.

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WHO guidelines for the treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
WHO

Since the publication of the WHO Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections in 2003, changes in the epidemiology of STIs and advancements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment necessitate changes in STI management. These guidelines provide updated treatment recommendations for common infections caused by C. trachomatis based on the most recent evidence; they form one of several modules of guidelines for specific STIs.

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Africa Will Be Short 6 Million Health Workers by 2030

Sub-Saharan African populations and economies are growing at unprecedented speed with a population growth of 2.7% annually and economic growth of 4.4% annually.

Africa has the fastest-growing middle class in the world, with 313 million people (roughly the population of the US), 34% of Africa’s population. This growing middle class is demanding higher-quality and more specialized medical care from both the public and the private sector.

Author
Kate Tulenko Vice President, Health Systems Innovation, IntraHealth International
Source
IntraHealth International

Neglect of infectious diseases in prisons highlighted at AIDS 2016

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Theo Smart

“Prisoners are among the most neglected of the key populations; they bear higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis than in the communities from which they come,” said Professor Chris Beyrer of Johns Hopkins University and outgoing President of the International AIDS Society. He was speaking during a symposia dedicated to a special issue of The Lancet, published to coincide with the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa, containing a comprehensive series of reviews on HIV and related infections in prisoners.

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Non-communicable diseases in Africa: Youth are key to curbing the epidemic and achieving sustainable development

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Reshma Naik and Toshiko Kaneda

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases, are now the leading cause of death in most regions of the world. Africa, home to 54 low- and middle-income countries, is expected to have the world’s largest increase in NCD deaths over the next decade. This will impose a significant burden to the continent, which is also projected to see its population double within the next generation. In most countries in North Africa, NCDs are already responsible for more than three-quarters of all deaths.

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