ART

Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2019)

Venue
Seattle, Washington, USA

The annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) brings together top basic, translational, and clinical researchers from around the world to share the latest studies, important developments, and best research methods in the ongoing battle against HIV/AIDS and related infectious diseases. CROI 2019 will be held from March 4 to March 7, 2019, at the Washington State Convention Center in Seattle, Washington.

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4th Southern African HIV Clinicians Society Conference

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics, from new antiretroviral drugs, AIDS-related complications, and opportunistic infections, to promoting adherence and ethical issues.

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Call for Abstracts: 4th Southern African HIV Clinicians Society Conference

Closing date

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference focuses on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers. The 2018 conference programme has been carefully designed to benefit all health care practitioners, with topics ranging from new antiretroviral drugs, AIDS-related complications, opportunistic infections, promoting adherence and ethical issues.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women: A priority population for HIV viral load monitoring

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Landon Myer, Shaffiq Essajee, Laura N. Broyles, D. Heather Watts, Maia Lesosky, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Elaine J. Abrams

With more than 18 million HIV-infected individuals having initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) by the end of 2016, ensuring effective HIV care and treatment services is a global public health priority. Viral load (VL) quantification provides a direct measure of the effectiveness of ART, with a consistently elevated VL suggesting poor adherence or treatment failure and the need for intervention.

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13th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence (Adherence 2018)

Venue
Miami, FL, USA

Adherence 2018 (13th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence) will take place June 8-10, 2018, at the Loews Miami Beach Hotel in Miami, FL, USA.

Sponsored by the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC), this annual series of conferences features the presentation and discussion of HIV treatment and biomedical prevention adherence research, as well as current behavioral and clinical perspectives in practicum, within the context of achieving an optimized continuum of HIV care and prevention.

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False-negative HIV tests using oral fluid tests in children taking antiretroviral therapy from Harare, Zimbabwe

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Ioana D. Olaru, Grace McHugh, Suba Dakshina, Edith Majonga, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Katharina Kranzer, Hilda Mujuru, Rashida Ferrand

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) for HIV infection have high sensitivity and specificity, but in the setting of longstanding antiretroviral therapy (ART), can give false results that can lead to misinterpretation, confusion and inadequate management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion of falsely negative results of a RDT performed on oral fluid in HIV-infected children on longstanding ART.

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Misdiagnosed HIV infection in pregnant women initiating universal ART in South Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Nei-yuan Hsiao, Allison Zerbe, Tamsin K. Phillips, Landon Myer, Elaine J. Abrams

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the primary diagnostic tools for HIV used in resource-constrained settings. Without a proper confirmation algorithm, there is concern that false-positive (FP) RDTs could result in misdiagnosis of HIV infection and inappropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation, but programmatic data on FP are few.

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Understanding low sensitivity of community-based HIV rapid testing: Experiences from the HPTN 071 (PopART) Trial in Zambia and South Africa

Is the resource available on the Internet?
Yes
Author
Peter Bock, Comfort Phiri, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Barry Kosloff, Nomtha Mandla, Alicia Young, Anelet James, Ab Schaap, Michelle Scheepers, Deborah Donnell, Sam Griffith, Wafaa El-Sadr, Kwame Shanaube, Nulda Beyers, Richard Hayes, Sarah Fidler, Helen Ayl

Population-wide HIV testing services (HTSs) must be delivered in order to achieve universal antiretroviral treatment (ART) coverage. To accurately deliver HTS at such scale, non-facility-based HIV point-of-care testing (HIV-POCT) is necessary but requires rigorous quality assurance (QA). This study assessed the performance of community-wide HTS in Zambia and South Africa (SA) as part of the HPTN 071 (PopART) study and explores the impact of quality improvement interventions on HTS performance.

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