antiretroviral therapy (ART)

Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and mortality of HIV, 1980-2017, and forecasts to 2030, for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017

Understanding the patterns of HIV/AIDS epidemics is crucial to tracking and monitoring the progress of prevention and control efforts in countries. We provide a comprehensive assessment of the levels and trends of HIV/AIDS incidence, prevalence, mortality, and coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 1980-2017 and forecast these estimates to 2030 for 195 countries and territories.
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Factors influencing the confidence and knowledge of nurses prescribing antiretroviral treatment in a rural and urban district in the Western Cape province

BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of nurse-initiated and managed antiretroviral treatment (NIMART) in South Africa in 2010, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in primary care has become the responsibility of nurses. The continued success of this approach is dependent on factors such as adequate training and effective support systems.

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ART denial: Results of a home-based study to validate self-reported antiretroviral use in rural South Africa

There is increasing interest in home-based testing and treatment of HIV to expand access to treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. Such programs rely on self-reported HIV history and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the accuracy of self-reported ART use in community settings is not well described. In this study, we compared self-reported ART (SR-ART) use in a home-based survey against biological exposure to ART (BE-ART), in a population study of older adults in South Africa.

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Linking HIV-positive key population members to treatment: Burundi’s five secrets to success

The LINKAGES project first started working in Burundi in August 2016 to reduce HIV transmission among key populations and improve their enrollment and retention in care and treatment. Within the past three years, LINKAGES Burundi has consistently experienced high rates of linking newly diagnosed HIV-positive female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender people to care and treatment. Between the first quarter of FY18 and the second quarter of FY19, the average rates for linkage to antiretroviral treatment were 98 percent among FSWs, 96 percent among MSM, and 100 percent among transgender people. This blog outlines the five “secrets” LINKAGES Burundi credits for their success.
Author
Aubrey Weber, Tiffany Lillie, Dorica Boyee and Dismas Gashobotse
Source
LINKAGES

9th SA AIDS Conference 2019

The 9th South African AIDS Conference took place from 11-14 June 2019 in Durban, South Africa, and the SHARE team was there to bring you updates, related content, and live coverage! The Conference focused on unprecedented scientific, social and digital innovations and technologies which could expand possibilities and opportunities towards controlling the HIV and AIDS epidemic. It also aimed to determine how contemporary explosive and disruptive technologies can contribute towards sustained HIV prevention efforts, HIV testing, ART uptake and adherence, trigger the development of new drugs, effectively utilise enormous volumes of data, and improve communication and service delivery, and eventually end the epidemic. Browse our dedicated SA AIDS 2019 page here.
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USAID/TSP HIV Child and Adolescent ARV Procurement Forecasting Tool

The USAID/TSP HIV Child and Adolescent ARV Procurement Forecasting Tool is intended to assist program managers, clinicians and support staff in quantifying and budgeting for a program’s child and adolescent ARV needs. The tool: i) allows the user to insert the number of children and adolescents needing ARVs; and ii) provides an output describing how the children and adolescents are expected to transition into different weight bands over time.

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An Evaluation to Determine the Strongest CD4 Count Covariates during HIV Disease Progression in Women in South Africa

Past endeavours to deal with the obstacle of expensive Cluster of Difference 4 (CD4(+)) count diagnostics in resource-limited settings have left a long trail of suggested continuous CD4(+) count clinical covariates that turned out to be a potentially important integral part of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment process during disease progression. However, an evaluation to determine the strongest candidates among these CD4(+) count covariates has not been well documented.
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HIV-positive Mozambican migrants in South Africa: loneliness, secrecy and disclosure

South Africa continues to bear a heavy burden of HIV and a significant proportion of the nation's population consists of immigrants from other severely afflicted African nations. Yet little is known about how migrant populations respond to HIV in shifting cultural and clinical landscapes.
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The rebellious man: Next-of-kin accounts of the death of a male relative on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa

The HIV response is hampered by many obstacles to progression along the HIV care cascade, with men, in particular, experiencing different forms of disruption. One group of men, whose stories remain untold, are those who have succumbed to HIV-related illness. In this paper, we explore how next-of-kin account for the death of a male relative.
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