WHO Strategies for the programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis

Adequate management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug- (MDR-) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-)TB are within the priorities of the newly launched World Health Organization's End TB and Elimination Strategies. This manuscript aims to present the evidence on the MDR- /XDR-TB epidemiology and to discuss how the five recommended priority actions can be applied at the programmatic level to tackle the epidemic: 1) Prevent development of MDR-TB thorough high quality treatment of drug-susceptible TB; 2) Expand rapid testing and detection of drug-resistant TB; 3) Provide immediate access to effective treatment and proper care; 4) Prevent transmission through infection control; 5) Increase political commitment and financing. A non-systematic review of the available literature was performed to provide the reader with a comprehensive view on the topic.

June 22, 2016
Year of publication
2016
Resource types
Guidelines and Policies, Journal and research articles, Literature review
Tags
TB, TB prevention and care, drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), WHO, tuberculosis, rapid diagnostic testing, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), infection control, political commitment, health financing, extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB), treatment, access to treatment

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