WHO fact sheet: Tuberculosis

Fact sheet N°104

Key facts:
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is a top infectious disease killer worldwide.
  • In 2014, 9.6 million people fell ill with TB and 1.5 million died from the disease.
  • Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and it is among the top 5 causes of death for women aged 15 to 44.
  • In 2014, an estimated 1 million children became ill with TB and 140 000 children died of TB.
  • TB is a leading killer of HIV-positive people: in 2015, 1 in 3 HIV deaths was due to TB.
  • Globally in 2014, an estimated 480 000 people developed multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).
  • The Millennium Development Goal target of halting and reversing the TB epidemic by 2015 has been met globally. TB incidence has fallen by an average of 1.5% per year since 2000 and is now 18% lower than the level of 2000.
  • The TB death rate dropped 47% between 1990 and 2015.
  • An estimated 43 million lives were saved through TB diagnosis and treatment between 2000 and 2014.
  • Ending the TB epidemic by 2030 is among the health targets of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals.
March 23, 2016
Year of publication
2016
Resource types
Reports and Fact sheets
Tags
tuberculosis, TB, WHO

Similar Resources

The role of STIs in the transmission dynamics of HIV epidemics is paradoxical and complex. Population-based studies have found that both the prevalence and incidence of HIV were substantially higher among people with STIs.

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

New WHO guidelines recommend offering HIV testing and counselling to couples, wherever HIV testing and counselling is available, including in antenatal clinics.

With new prevention strategies on the horizon and HIV incidence stabilizing or declining in many parts of the world, the tides are beginning to turn on the HIV epidemic. Between 2002 and 2010, new HIV infections globally declined from 3.1 million to 2.7 million.

WHO updates HIV treatment guidance for pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in babies

 

The sub-Saharan Africa edition of Teen Talk, a question and answer guide for HIV-positive adolescents, was adapted from the Botswana version, published in 2010 by the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Centre of Excellence Teen Club Program, and the original version,…

In South Africa, where rates of alcohol consumption and HIV are among the highest in the world, sexual risk taking and drinking frequently intersect.

Launched on South African television in June 2008, the Scrutinize Campaign was a year-long series of HIV prevention ads targeting multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships.

In 2000, malaria was identified as one of the biggest impediments to global development and selected as a critical global target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Target 6c aimed to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria by 2015.