Uptake of antiretroviral therapy and male circumcision after community-based HIV testing and strategies for linkage to care versus standard clinic referral: a multisite, open-label, randomised controlled trial in South Africa and Uganda

Dr Ruanne V Barnabas, Heidi van Rooyen, Elioda Tumwesigye, Justin Brantley, Prof Jared M Baeten, Alastair van Heerden, Bosco Turyamureeba, Philip Joseph, Meighan Krows, Katherine K Thomas, Torin T Schaafsma, Prof James P Hughes, Prof Connie Celum

Male circumcision decreases HIV acquisition by 60%, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) almost eliminates HIV transmission from HIV-positive people who are virally suppressed; however, coverage of these interventions has lagged behind targets. We aimed to assess whether community-based HIV testing with counsellor support and point-of-care CD4 cell count testing would increase uptake of ART and male circumcision.

March 24, 2016
Year of publication
voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), HIV prevention, treatment, virally suppressed, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), treatment coverage, community-based HIV testing, community-based interventions, counsellor support, point-of-care CD4 testing, uptake of services, South Africa, Uganda

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This document includes:
  • A Strategic Development Summary (SDS) narrative communicating the epidemiologic and country/regional context; methods used for programmatic design; findings of integrated data analysis; and strategic direction for the investments and programs…


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Study design


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