Technical Brief: Measuring HIV stigma and discrimination

Anne L. Stangl, Laura Brady and Katherine Fritz

To understand how HIV stigma operates and how it can be reduced, researchers need a standardised measurement framework. 

Stigma increases vulnerability to HIV infection and hampers prevention efforts. In 1987, the director of the WHO Global Programme on AIDS described HIV stigma as the ‘third epidemic', coming after those of HIV and AIDS and no less crucial. To understand and address stigma, it is necessary to have clear and shared measures. But the number and diversity of questions and scales used in stigma research over the years have made it difficult to compare findings across contexts.

Drawing on the work of the Global Stigma and Discrimination Indicator Working Group (GSDIWG), STRIVE partner ICRW has compiled a concise four-page measurement brief. It lays out:

  • the key domains of HIV related stigma and discrimination that need to be measured
  • specific questions for measuring stigma and discrimination across three populations: people living with HIV, the general population
    and healthcare providers
  • a framework for programme implementation and measurement
  • areas requiring further question development, testing and validation

This brief is designed to guide researchers in the study of HIV-related stigma and discrimination, either as the main focus of research or as an element within related studies.

To print the brief on A3 paper, download this version.

November 29, 2016
Year of publication
2012
Resource types
Briefs, Guidelines and Policies, Programmatic guidance, Tools
Tags
HIV-related stigma, stigma and discrimination, stigma-reduction interventions, stigma-reduction strategies, HIV prevention, stigma indicators

Similar Resources

Timely access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) is vital to ensuring safe motherhood and reducing vertical transmission. Treatment guidance and programming has changed dramatically in recent years.

The South African National Aids Council (SANAC) launched South Africa’s first ever LGBTI HIV Plan at a satellite session during this year’s SA AIDS Conference at Durban’s Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre.

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come. This disease burden among prisoners has been recognised since the early years of these inter-related pandemics.

In all countries where there is an HIV epidemic, certain subgroups of the population are at greater risk of HIV than others. These “key” populations include female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, and people who inject drugs.

This guide is one of a series of good practice guides, and contains information, strategies and resources to help HIV programmers implement HIV programming for adolescents.

HIV-related stigma and discrimination in health care settings are known to negatively affect the HIV response.

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on vulnerable populations, including TB in prisons and intimate partner violence in the context of HIV.

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on key populations.

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to have disproportionately high burdens of HIV infection in countries of low, middle, and high income in 2016.