Talking to children about their HIV status: a review of available resources, tools, and models for improving and promoting pediatric disclosure

S. Wright, A. Amzel, N. Ikoro, M. Srivastava, S. Leclerc-Madlala, S. Bowsky, H. Miller & B.R. Phelps

As children living with HIV (CLHIV) grow into adolescence and adulthood, caregivers and healthcare providers are faced with the sensitive challenge of when to disclose to a CLHIV his or her HIV status. Despite WHO recommendations for CLHIV to know their status, in countries most affected by HIV, effective resources are often limited, and national guidance on disclosure is often lacking. To address the need for effective resources, gray and scientific literature was searched to identify existing tools and resources that can aid in the disclosure process. From peer-reviewed literature, seven disclosure models from six different countries were identified. From the gray literature, 23 resources were identified including children’s books (15), job aides to assist healthcare providers (5), and videos (3). While these existing resources can be tailored to reflect local norms and used to aid in the disclosure process, careful consideration must be taken in order to avoid damaging disclosure practices.

February 2, 2017
Year of publication
Resource types
Guidelines and Policies, Journal and research articles, Programmatic guidance, Systematic reviews, Tools
children living with HIV, children, adolescents, caregivers, healthcare providers, disclosure, HIV status, disclosure models

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