Success Story: Promoting sexual and reproductive health among Angolan youth: Acção Angolana para a Mulher
Angola has one of the highest rates of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth in sub-Saharan Africa, with an adolescent fertility rate of 192 per 1,000 women. In Luanda, Angola’s most populous province, 12% of pregnant women are adolescents. Angola’s 2010 Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices survey among those aged 15-24 years revealed that 43% have sex by the age of 15 years, but only 51% of male and 38% of female youth know that condom use is a method of HIV prevention. Youth receive inadequate sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education in schools, increasing their risk of early pregnancy, STIs, sexual abuse, and exploitation.
The Angolan government increasingly recognizes the potential of partnering with civil society and the private sector to provide comprehensive SRH policies and services. Angolan civil society organizations (CSOs) often use innovative methods to best reach underserved areas and population groups. One of these organizations, Acção Angolana para a Mulher (AAM), has been promoting equal rights among men and women since 1997.
AAM’s sensitization sessions, which typically last 40 minutes, provide an introduction to sexual and reproductive health, including male and female reproductive health, as well as information on methods of transmission and prevention of STIs, family planning, and gender-based violence. The youth activists then answer questions and facilitate discussions with participants.
In 2014, the USAID-funded Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project (BLC) supported AAM to facilitate sensitization activities in 15 schools in the districts of Sambizanga and Kilamba Kiaxi in Luanda.
Read more about this partnership and its outcomes in this Success Story.