Resumo Téchnico: Saúde Positiva, Dignidade e Prevenção: Envolvimento das Pessoas que Vivem com o VIH na Prevenção

Os esforços de prevenção devem ter como alvo grupos populacionais específicos e serem adaptados às suas necessidades em particular. Historicamente, os esforços para prevenção do VIH tendem a centrar-se na redução do risco de VIH entre pessoas VIH negativas ou de seroestado desconhecido, ignorando o papel específico que as pessoas VIH positivas podem desempenhar na prevenção. Ganhos significativos no tratamento e cuidados para as pessoas que vivem com o VIH (PVVIH) e a atenção e financiamento para o tratamento ARV resultaram em grandes números de pessoas a viverem mais tempo com o VIH. Portanto, há um reconhecimento crescente da urgente necessidade de formas efectivas para envolver esta população nos esforços de prevenção do VIH que sejam apropriados às suas necessidades1,2. “Saúde positiva, dignidade e prevenção” (PHDP) (alternativamente conhecida como “prevenção com positivos” ou “prevenção positiva”) envolve na prevenção as pessoas que vivem com o VIH. Ela envolve o apoio às pessoas VIH positivas para aprenderem e praticarem formas de vida saudável e minimiar os riscos de passarem o vírus a terceiros.

 


In October 2012, Management Sciences for Health's Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project (BLC) developed technical briefs on five priority HIV prevention topics. Prepared in collaboration with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and with funding from USAID, BLC wrote the technical briefs for policymakers and program managers attending the first semi-annual SADC HIV Prevention and Research Meeting held in Johannesburg, South Africa, October 9–10, 2012. The technical briefs provide concise, accessible information to facilitate technical discussions at the meeting and country level policy discussions after the meeting.


August 22, 2013
Year of publication
2012
Tags
PMTCT, USAID, SADC, MSH BLC, ART, HIV prevention

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