Resumo Téchnico: Prevenção da Transmissão Vertical do VIH

O objectivo desta ficha é de resumir as evidências mais recentes sobre a Prevenção da Transmissão Vertical (PTV) do VIH num formato acessível para os decisores e para servir de base para as discussões dos estados membro da SADC com o derradeiro objectivo de melhorar as políticas, programas e intervenções de prevenção.

Em Junho de 2011, a comunidade global empenhouse com a aceleração do progresso da PTV através de uma iniciativa denominada Plano Global para Eliminação de Novas Infecções pelo VIH na Infância até 2015 e Manter as Mães Delas com Vida. O plano tem dois objectivos globais: 1) Até 2015, reduzir em 90% o número de crianças recentemente infectadas pelo VIH; e 2) Até 2015, reduzir em 50% o número de óbitos de mulheres durante a gravidez, parto e puerpério associados ao VIH.

Embora a maioria dos países da SADC possua políticas para PTV e tenha visto progressos, a cobertura total da PTV ainda não foi alcançada apesar de esforços substanciais e da disponibilidade de recursos dedicados à redução da Transmissão Vertical (TV).

 


In October 2012, Management Sciences for Health's Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project (BLC) developed technical briefs on five priority HIV prevention topics. Prepared in collaboration with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and with funding from USAID, BLC wrote the technical briefs for policymakers and program managers attending the first semi-annual SADC HIV Prevention and Research Meeting held in Johannesburg, South Africa, October 9–10, 2012. The technical briefs provide concise, accessible information to facilitate technical discussions at the meeting and country level policy discussions after the meeting.



 

August 22, 2013
Year of publication
2012
Tags
PMTCT, UNAIDS, SADC, HIV, MSH BLC, ART

Similar Resources

WHO updates HIV treatment guidance for pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in babies

 

With new prevention strategies on the horizon and HIV incidence stabilizing or declining in many parts of the world, the tides are beginning to turn on the HIV epidemic. Between 2002 and 2010, new HIV infections globally declined from 3.1 million to 2.7 million.

The role of STIs in the transmission dynamics of HIV epidemics is paradoxical and complex. Population-based studies have found that both the prevalence and incidence of HIV were substantially higher among people with STIs.

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services Community of Practice provides a forum to connect with and learn from peers working in HIV testing services around the world.

New WHO guidelines recommend offering HIV testing and counselling to couples, wherever HIV testing and counselling is available, including in antenatal clinics.

The HIV Prevention Update provides a representative sample of summaries and abstracts of recent articles on global HIV prevention issues from a variety of scientific, peer-reviewed journals.

The U.S. Government is committed and working toward the goal of Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths (EPCMD) in a generation. In June of 2014, the U.S.

Donor funding for HIV programs has flattened out in recent years, which limits the ability of HIV programs worldwide to achieve universal access and sustain current progress. This study examines alternative mechanisms for resource mobilization.

The Xpert MTB/RIF assay is an accurate test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis when an adequate sputum sample can be obtained; even in smear-negative tuberculosis the sensitivity is about 67%. Although the assay turnaround time is under 2 h, depending on the health-care setting, time to…