Programmatic mapping to determine the size and dynamics of sex work and injecting drug use in Mauritius

Amita Pathack, Ahmed Saumtally, Sarah Soobhany, Carly A Comins, Said A H Kinoo & Faran Emmanuel

HIV in Mauritius is in a concentrated phase. Most HIV infection is among key populations (KPs) including female sex workers (FSW), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender sex workers (TGSW). The objective of this research was to use geographical mapping to determine the precise locations, typologies and population estimates of each KP in Mauritius. From May to July 2014 a programmatic mapping approach determined national estimates and information on the specific locations, “hotspots”, frequented by KPs in Mauritius. Data were collected through multiple levels of activity. Key informants provided information about hotspots where KPs congregated and were actively engaged in risky behaviours. Validation of hotspots was done by engaging KPs. A total of 17 248 KP members were estimated spread over 1 964 hotspots in Mauritius. The largest KP was PWID with an estimate of 7 598 (range: 4 091–6 223), followed by 6 223 (range: 5 090–7 456) FSWs, spread over 694 and 731 hotspots respectively. A total of 2 020 (range: 1 595–2 446) MSM and 294 geographic MSM hotspots, and 1 407 TGSWs (range: 1 165–1 649) distributed over 245 hotspots. This research provided Mauritius with validated KPs size estimations and provided the first national data on KP hotspots and operational dynamics. The use of these data will strengthen HIV prevention, intervention, and programme planning in the country through focusing efforts to systematically target high-risk areas.

June 6, 2018
Year of publication
2018
Resource types
Journal and research articles
Countries
Tags
sex work, sex workers, injecting drug users (IDU), people who inject drugs (PWID), Mauritius, key populations, program planning, hotspot mapping

Similar Resources

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy.

In all countries where there is an HIV epidemic, certain subgroups of the population are at greater risk of HIV than others. These “key” populations include female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, and people who inject drugs.

In 2013, Uganda updated its prevention of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV program to Option B+, which requires that all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women be started on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count…

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on vulnerable populations, including TB in prisons and intimate partner violence in the context of HIV.

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on key populations.

Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV.

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

An important collection of articles focused on infant medical male circumcision as an approach to sustain the HIV prevention gains made from adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). The ten articles in this collection offer insight into a few country experiences with introduction of…

Many countries are working to reduce or eliminate mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Prevention efforts have been conceptualized as steps in a cascade but cascade completion rates during and after pregnancy are low.