PMTCT Option B+: Lessons Learned and Considerations for Implementation

Dr Erik Schouten

Presented at the SADC HIV Prevention and Research Meeting held on 9-10 October 2012 in Johannesburg.

This presentation focuses on:

  • What is Option B+
  • Implications for implementers
  • Critical issues


November 5, 2012
Year of publication
Resource types
Conference materials
SADC, AIDS, HIV prevention, option B

Similar Resources

Infants exposed to an antiretroviral regimen of tenofovir, emtricitabine and efavirenz (Atripla) from conception experienced fewer adverse birth outcomes compared to other three-drug regimens, according to a study of births in Botswana between 2014 and 2016, presented on Tuesday at the …

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment.

Lesotho's HIV prevalence among pregnant women is 28%. In 2013, Lesotho's Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program adopted Option B+ and revitalized the village health worker (VHW) program to strengthen community level PMTCT.

HIV presents an increasing risk to pregnant women, their infants, and their families.

WHO updates HIV treatment guidance for pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in babies


In guidelines released in 2010, the World Health Organization recommends that health facilities integrate prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) with maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services to improve patient follow-up and adherence.

In Zambia’s Southern Province, the Community PMTCT Follow-up Register Project is improving access and adherence to HIV testing and treatment for pregnant women and their children.

Improvements in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in South Africa are not translating into a reduction in maternal deaths due to HIV infection, according to a 15-year review of a large district referral hospital in Johannesburg, the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and…

The National Department of Health (NDOH) commissioned a Joint Review of the HIV, TB and PMTCT Programmes to be undertaken in 2013.