HIV and Childhood Sexual Violence: Implications for Sexual Risk Behaviors and HIV Testing in Tanzania

Laura F. Chiang, Jieru Chen, Matthew R. Gladden, James A. Mercy, Gideon Kwesigabo, Fatma Mrisho, Linda L. Dahlberg, Myo Zin Nyunt, Kate A. Brookmeyer, and Kevin Vagi

Prior research has established an association between sexual violence and HIV. Exposure to sexual violence during childhood can profoundly impact brain architecture and stress regulatory response. As a result, individuals who have experienced such trauma may engage in sexual risk-taking behavior and could benefit from targeted interventions. In 2009, nationally representative data were collected on violence against children in Tanzania from 13–24 year old respondents (n = 3,739). Analyses show that females aged 19–24 (n = 579) who experienced childhood sexual violence, were more likely to report no/infrequent condom use in the past 12 months (AOR = 3.0, CI [1.5, 6.1], p = 0.0017) and multiple sex partners in the past 12 months (AOR = 2.3, CI [1.0, 5.1], p = 0.0491), but no more likely to know where to get HIV testing or to have ever been tested. Victims of childhood sexual violence could benefit from targeted interventions to mitigate impacts of violence and prevent HIV.

October 29, 2015
Year of publication
2015
Resource types
Reports and Fact sheets
Tags
sexual violence, HIV, childhood, children, high risk behavior, Tanzania, condom use, multiple sexual partners, HIV testing, HIV prevention

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