Early Infant Male Circumcision (EIMC) in Iringa, Tanzania: Reports from an EIMC Pilot Project and an Operational Research Acceptability Study
Iringa, with an HIV prevalence of 9.1 percent, is Tanzania’s second most HIV-affected region. Three randomized controlled trials showed unequivocally that VMMC offers a 60 percent protective effect in reducing the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission through heterosexual sex. Although VMMC has been coined the catch-up strategy, the more infants who are circumcised, the fewer adolescents and adults will need circumcision in the future. Compared to VMMC, EIMC is likely more cost-efficient, requires less time, and has a shorter healing period. This study qualitatively evaluated the potential client base for EIMC services as well as non-users, and documented EIMC providers’ views and experiences, with a primary focus on the integration with RCH services.