Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Infections

The role of STIs in the transmission dynamics of HIV epidemics is paradoxical and complex. Population-based studies have found that both the prevalence and incidence of HIV were substantially higher among people with STIs. However, randomized trials have found STI treatment to have little to no effect on HIV incidence. Even though STI treatment does not seem to have a significant impact on HIV incidence, effective management of STIs is an essential public health activity, especially for improved maternal and child health outcomes. Data linking the prevalence of STIs with increased risk of HIV transmission and acquisition underscore the importance of STI prevention, which can best be achieved through a comprehensive STI control program.

July 7, 2016
Year of publication
Resource types
Programmatic guidance
HIV, HIV prevention, treatment, AIDS, STIs, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), WHO, USAID, women, PMTCT, UNAIDS, MNCH, reproductive maternal newborn and child health (RMNCH), PEPFAR

Similar Resources

WHO updates HIV treatment guidance for pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in babies


With new prevention strategies on the horizon and HIV incidence stabilizing or declining in many parts of the world, the tides are beginning to turn on the HIV epidemic. Between 2002 and 2010, new HIV infections globally declined from 3.1 million to 2.7 million.

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level.

O objectivo desta ficha é de resumir as evidências mais recentes sobre a Prevenção da Transmissão Vertical (PTV) do VIH num formato acessível para os decisores e para servir de base para as discussões dos estados membro da SADC com o derradeiro objectivo de melhorar as políticas, programas e…

The AIDSFree HIV Testing Services Community of Practice provides a forum to connect with and learn from peers working in HIV testing services around the world.

New WHO guidelines recommend offering HIV testing and counselling to couples, wherever HIV testing and counselling is available, including in antenatal clinics.

The HIV Prevention Update provides a representative sample of summaries and abstracts of recent articles on global HIV prevention issues from a variety of scientific, peer-reviewed journals.

The U.S. Government is committed and working toward the goal of Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths (EPCMD) in a generation. In June of 2014, the U.S.

Donor funding for HIV programs has flattened out in recent years, which limits the ability of HIV programs worldwide to achieve universal access and sustain current progress. This study examines alternative mechanisms for resource mobilization.