Consensus estimates on key population size and HIV prevalence in Tanzania


The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and the Tanzania Commission for AIDS have expressed a need for key population HIV prevalence and group size estimates to identify the costs of the Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework on HIV and AIDS; the Third Health Sector HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (HSHSP III); and other HIV prevention, care, and treatment strategies.

With support from the Health Policy Project (HPP), which is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), NACP held a one-day workshop on April 14, 2014, to discuss and reach consensus among key stakeholders on key population estimates for mainland Tanzania. The consensus-building workshop reviewed the existing evidence and evaluated specific studies with a view to identifying study limitations and knowledge gaps. A Delphi method was used to seek consensus on the estimated size of and HIV prevalence among the three key populations in Tanzania: female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), and people who use/inject drugs (PWUD/PWID). Due to the uncertainty and lack of empirical data surrounding prior estimates of these indicators for mainland Tanzania, the Delphi method was used to garner the highest-quality and least- biased estimates possible. Each key population group had an expert panel of 9 to 14 people, each with extensive experience in and knowledge of the key population group in the Tanzanian context.

March 8, 2016
Year of publication
Resource types
Reports and Fact sheets
HIV, HIV prevention, treatment, key populations, sex work, sex workers, female sex workers (FSWs), people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men (MSM), MSM, injecting drug users (IDU), IDU, HIV prevalence, Tanzania

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