Are we meeting the HIV service needs of people living in informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa?
Communities in South Africa’s informal settlements consist of ad-hoc and improvised housing whose residents seek opportunities for employment in the surrounding area. Since the settlements are unplanned, they are often underserved by municipal services, are under-represented politically, and lack accessible healthcare and economic opportunities. This can create an environment that increases residents’ risks for HIV and sexual and gender-based violence.
This brief summarizes baseline results from a SOAR evaluation of a multi-faceted, behavior change intervention focused on young adults. The findings focus on participants’ characteristics and circumstances, including their economic insecurity and mobility, types of partnerships and condom use, experiences of intimate partner violence, and engagement in the HIV care continuum.