Resource Library

Update on antiretroviral regimens for treating and preventing HIV infection: Since 2016, WHO has recommended tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) (or emtricitabine, FTC) + efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg as the preferred first- line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

Since WHO published the 2016 ARV guidelines, several studies have evaluated the safety and efficacy of dolutegravir (DTG) during pregnancy and the…

INTRODUCTION:

HIV-1 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing at birth aims to facilitate earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected neonates. Data from two years of universal birth testing implementation in a high-burden South African urban…

Lifelong ART is essential to reducing HIV mortality and ending the epidemic, however the interplay between socioeconomic position and long-term outcomes of HIV-infected persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown. Furthering the understanding of factors…

To mark the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science, the Lancet journals have made a selection of content free that reflects some of the breadth and diversity of clinical, epidemiological, and operational HIV research produced by the tireless global HIV community. The content includes…

HIV eradication and remission research has largely taken place in high-income countries. In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), there may be factors that have a substantial impact on the size of the latent HIV reservoir and the immunological response to infection. If a curative strategy is…

Few low-income countries have virological monitoring widely available. We estimated the virological durability of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) after five years of follow-up among adult Ugandan and Zimbabwean patients in the DART study, in which virological assays were conducted…

The report of the 'Mississippi baby' who was initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) within 30 h of birth and maintained viral suppression off ART for 27 months has increased interest in the timing of ART initiation early in life. We examined associations between age at ART initiation and…

The development of immunologic interventions that can target the viral reservoir in HIV-1-infected individuals is a major goal of the HIV-1 cure field. However, little evidence exists that the viral reservoir can be sufficiently targeted to improve virologic control following discontinuation of…

The discovery of potent and broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has made passive immunization a potential strategy for the prevention and treatment of HIV infection. We sought to determine whether passive administration of VRC01, a bNAb targeting…

In chronic HIV infection, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) typically induces swift HIV RNA declines and virologic suppression within 24 weeks. The objective of this study was to investigate viral dynamics and common criteria for treatment success after ART initiation during acute HIV…

The HIV virus infects and destroys CD4 positive (CD4+) cells, a type of immune cell that plays a key role in maintaining the human immune system and fighting off disease.

Also called T-helper cells, CD4+ cells are responsible for instructing other cells of the immune system to perform…

Oestrogen receptors on cells may play a role in HIV latency and reactivation, and drugs targeting these receptors could potentially be used to either promote reactivation of integrated viral genes or keep them silent, according to research presented at the Eighth International AIDS Society…

Higher baseline viral load, longer time to viral suppression and low-level viraemia below the level of detection of standard tests raise the risk of viral rebound amongst people with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to a pair of…