Resource Library

Rural communities comprise about 40% of the country’s population of 57.8 million but, historically, these areas are the last to be considered when it comes to health provision by national, provincial and local authorities. The Protecting Healthcare in Times of Economic Crisis Report…

February 5, 2019

The PrEP Costing Guidelines provide a framework for estimating the cost of providing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for preventing the acquisition of HIV infection. They are intended to provide a PrEP-specific resource for costing that could be…

With funding from PEPFAR, the Human Resources for Health in 2030 (HRH2030) has developed, piloted, and field-tested a tool to help health facility staff and district health management teams optimize their health workforce for the roll-out of “Test and Start” utilizing …

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

Jhpiego’s Gender Service Delivery Standards are a tool to assess and improve the quality of health facilities' provision of gender-sensitive, respectful care. 

In 2015, several condom manufacturers joined donor agencies to form a coalition whose main goal is to provide 20 billion condoms to low and middle-income countries by 2020. Between August and October 2017, AIDSFree conducted research on barriers that prevent condom manufacturers from entering…

A step-by-step framework for planning the introduction of PrEP

Building a program to introduce PrEP effectively requires action on many levels. Some steps need to be done in sequence, others can be done simultaneously. This framework outlines the steps in this process…

Swaziland has one of the highest adult HIV prevalence rates worldwide, 27%; with approximately 200,000 people 15 years and older living with HIV. Swaziland and many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted universal test-and-treat (UTT) policies. As the number of people needing and…

Background

The well-documented shortages of health care workers (HCWs) in sub-Saharan Africa are further intensified by the increased human resource needs of expanding HIV treatment programs. Burnout…

Condoms have long been an important tool in preventing not only the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, but also preventing unwanted pregnancies. How can we expand these services and improve their usage? AIDSFree has pulled together over a dozen essential resources on…

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had…

In late 2015, the Linkages Across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations (LINKAGES) project established a global acceleration initiative to fast-track and strengthen delivery of a comprehensive package of health services for key populations (KPs) at scale. In this context, “…

Fungi are major contributors to the opportunistic infections that affect patients with HIV/AIDS. Systemic infections are mainly with Pneumocystis jirovecii (pneumocystosis), Cryptococcus neoformans (cryptococcosis), Histoplasma capsulatum (histoplasmosis), and 

A Decision Framework for ART Delivery for children, adolescents and pregnant and breastfeeding women, or the Decision Framework for Specific Populations as it is referred to throughout this document for ease, is aimed at supporting HIV programme managers at the national and…

Facility-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision for stable patients with HIV congests health services in resource-limited countries. We assessed outcomes and risk factors for attrition after decentralization to community-based ART refill centers among 2603 patients with HIV in Kinshasa,…

In many ways, a fully functioning health workforce drives the well-being of communities, regions, and entire countries. Policy-makers at the national level can use reliable data to make decisions about where and what type of health workers are needed based on population health needs. A facility…

The aim of this study was to assess the quality of rapid HIV testing in South Africa.

Despite the importance of HIV testing for controlling the HIV epidemic, testing rates remain low. Efforts to scale up testing coverage and frequency in hard-to-reach and at-risk populations commonly focus on home-based HIV testing. This study evaluates the effect of a gift (a US$5 food voucher…

The ever-growing HIV treatment programs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) present local policy makers with complex decision dilemmas, as international guidelines emphasize the need for expanded access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), yet funding has flatlined.

We argue that the current evidence…

South Africa’s health system is under enormous strain. There is a sizeable and increasing number of people with chronic diseases, both communicable and noncommunicable. The country has the largest population living with HIV, estimated at 7 million; an HIV prevalence rate of 19.2%; and 180,000…

Essential medicines satisfy the priority health-care needs of the population. Essential medicines policies are crucial to promoting health and achieving sustainable development. Sustainable Development Goal 3.8 specifically mentions the importance of “access to safe, effective, quality and…

Based on privacy, confidentiality and security principles the Assessment Tool below was developed to assess in country the extent that the confidentiality and security of personal health information is protected at facility and data warehouse/repository levels and whether national guidelines…

This study aims to provide a landscape of the global antiretroviral (ARV) market by analyzing the transactional data on donor-funded ARV procurement between 2003 and 2015, and the ARV price determinants.

In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS released its 90-90-90 targets, which make laboratory diagnostics a cornerstone for measuring efforts toward the epidemic control of HIV. A data-driven laboratory harmonization and standardization approach is one way to create efficiencies…

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) HIV treatment guidelines have been used by various countries to revise their national guidelines. Our study discusses the national policy response to the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa and quantifies delays in adopting the WHO…

The Stop Stock Outs Project 3rd Annual National Survey Report was compiled with information from patients, healthcare workers and sentinel surveyors to map the level of stock outs of essential medications in the government sector. The data in the reports helps to identify and understand the root…

Over the last decade, investments made by the Government of Tanzania toward the strengthening of public health supply chains in that country have had a positive impact on the health and well-being of its citizens. Both the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT and Supply Chain Management System (SCMS)—working…

Over the last decade, investments made by the Government of Tanzania toward the strengthening of public health supply chains in that country have had a positive impact on the health and well-being of its citizens. Both the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT and Supply Chain Management System (SCMS)—working…