Resource Library

Background: Despite the array of studies on infant feeding practices of HIV-infected women, gaps still exist in the understanding of the underlying reasons for their infant feeding choices. Potential for behavioural change exists, especially in the light of the 2016 updated…

Objective: To examine how multimorbidity might affect progression along the continuum of care among older adults with hypertension, diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in rural South Africa

Methods: We analysed data from 4447 people…

TB Data, Impact Assessment and Communications Hub (TB DIAH) is a new project that just launched a web-based, interactive data platform for global tuberculosis (TB) data users. TB DIAH is associated with the Global Accelerator to End TB, USAID’s new business model to focus on…

The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) delivers life-saving services to people affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in 36 country and regional programs. Founded in 2003, PEPFAR is the largest investment in combating a single disease by a single country in history. To date,…

As part of its Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) guidance, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released Version 2.3 in September 2018, which includes revised indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These indicators are intended…

MEASURE Evaluation’s PLACE method builds local capacity to find HIV-positive people who are not on treatment, who may not know their HIV status, and who therefore are at risk of infecting others. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is often concentrated among “key populations”—men who have sex…

In the past few years, UNAIDS, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (The Global Fund) have promoted a goal of HIV epidemic transition and an “end of AIDS.” The belief in this goal stems from the…

The Southern African HIV Clinicians Society’s biannual conference, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 24-27 October 2018, focused on clinical content for HIV and TB health care workers in the region and featured a wide range of topics…

Purpose: Despite their heightened risk of sexually transmitted infections, minor adolescents (<18 years old) are often excluded from clinical trials. The results of trials of adults should not be assumed to generalize to minors.

Methods: Two public…

BACKGROUND: HPTN071 (PopART) is a 3-arm community-randomised study in 21 peri-urban/urban communities in Zambia and the Western Cape of South…

As everyone in the field is aware, the NIH conducted an input process last year that concluded with a release of new HIV prevention research priorities that favor long acting, systemic formulations (like vaccines, implants and injectables) and negate the need for short acting, user-controlled,…

The Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative was a public-private partnership that expanded pediatric HIV services in nine sub-Saharan African countries from 2014-2016, providing treatment to more than 560,000 children living with HIV. The ACT Initiative was implemented by…

Baylor-Malawi, with USAID funding, has developed a special JAIDS supplement featuring 11 articles which highlight lessons and best practices from the Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative, a public-private partnership that expanded pediatric HIV services in nine sub-Saharan…

This workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children:

  1. Children ages 0-17 years of age living in a household with at least one HIV-positive adult member age 18 or older…

The logic model, designed by MEASURE Evaluation, complements and incorporates a series of benchmarks for assessing achievement of household case plans and determining the readiness of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households to exit from OVC programs through graduation. 

The…

MEASURE Evaluation has published comprehensive guidance for developing an electronic solution using DHIS 2 to track patients across the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV continuum of care. Our goal is to increase retention of mothers and their infants through…

Information from community-based health programs is important for understanding what HIV programs are doing to test, treat, and retain in care people who are living with HIV. However, until now there has been no centralized registry of community-based indicators to inform HIV programming at the…

HIV in Mauritius is in a concentrated phase. Most HIV infection is among key populations (KPs) including female sex workers (FSW), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender sex workers (TGSW). The objective of this research was to use geographical mapping…

A step-by-step framework for planning the introduction of PrEP

Building a program to introduce PrEP effectively requires action on many levels. Some steps need to be done in sequence, others can be done simultaneously. This framework outlines the steps in this process…

USAID and PEPFAR are supporting the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project to strengthen comprehensive, integrated service delivery and support to children living with, affected by, or vulnerable to HIV/AIDS (OVC) in the Lusaka, Copperbelt, Southern, and Central Provinces of Zambia. To inform that…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

An essential first step in caring for HIV-infected children is accurate and early diagnosis of HIV, early HIV testing, prompt return of results, and rapid initiation of treatment. Survival of HIV‐infected infants depends on a robust early infant diagnosis (EID) system that allows for tracking of…

Integrating high-quality nutrition care, support, and treatment (NCST) services into service delivery platforms for HIV and tuberculosis (TB) requires providing healthcare workers with guidelines, job aids, and monitoring tools to facilitate effective prevention and treatment of malnutrition. To…

February 5, 2018

IndiKit aims to make monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of relief and development interventions easier and better - by helping humanitarian and development workers to use well-formulated project indicators and to correctly collect and analyse the data required for each indicator.

February 5, 2018

Project SOAR conducts HIV operations research around the world to identify practical solutions to improve HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. This collaborative five-year project (2014–2019), funded by the U. S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the U. S. Agency for…

Condoms have long been an important tool in preventing not only the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, but also preventing unwanted pregnancies. How can we expand these services and improve their usage? AIDSFree has pulled together over a dozen essential resources on…

In 2013, Uganda updated its prevention of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV program to Option B+, which requires that all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women be started on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count.…

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) is an effective method for HIV prevention and the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended its expansion in 14 African countries with a high prevalence of HIV and low prevalence of male circumcision. The WHO has recently pre-qualified the PrePex…