Resource Library

HIV in Mauritius is in a concentrated phase. Most HIV infection is among key populations (KPs) including female sex workers (FSW), people who inject drugs (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender sex workers (TGSW). The objective of this research was to use geographical mapping…

This case study is about the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks (the Consortium), a groundbreaking collaboration of global and regional networks by and for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It describes the Consortium’s achievements, good practices and lessons…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

The South African National Aids Council (SANAC) launched South Africa’s first ever LGBTI HIV Plan at a satellite session during this year’s SA AIDS Conference at Durban’s Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre.

The LGBTI HIV Plan is a strategic guide…

Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and…

In all countries where there is an HIV epidemic, certain subgroups of the population are at greater risk of HIV than others. These “key” populations include female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, and people who inject drugs.

While biological and…

The current cohort of adolescents and young adults (10–24 years) is the largest the world has ever seen, representing an enormous challenge for health systems and health services, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Unmet need for both sexual and reproductive health and rights (…

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) case study was undertaken by the National Population Unit (NPU) to assess the activities that are run by the organisation OUT. This study forms part of 10 such studies with regard to youth which was undertaken by the NPU. The study…

The purpose of Project Gel was to determine the safety and acceptability of rectal microbicides in young men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) at risk of HIV infection.

The Safety and Security Project within Hivos’s (Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries) LGBTI Programme aims to ensure that LGBTI persons are able to live and work within safe communities without the fear of persecution, physical or property harm or intimidation, and with…

Introduction: Between September 2012 and December 2015, a series of national and regional consultations, aimed at resolving a persistent dynamic of conflict between law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and civil society organizations (CSOs) working on issues of access to HIV services…

Transgender people have been disproportionally affected by HIV, particularly transgender women. Their increased vulnerability to HIV is due to multiple issues, including biological (eg, increased efficiency of HIV transmission through receptive anal sex), epidemiological (eg, increased…

We conducted a longitudinal and cross-sectional analysis of depressive symptomology in iPrEx, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of daily, oral FTC/TDF HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in men and transgender women who have sex with men. Depression-related adverse events (AEs) were the…

Transgender people and their needs remain little understood, not only by health-care providers but also more generally in society. An absence of appropriate information, together with misinformation, breeds stigma and prejudice, leading to discrimination, harassment, and abuse, with alarming…

The purpose of this guide to raise awareness on sexual minorities, human rights, and HIV/AIDS, as well as to introduce the strategies and skills required to challenge stigma and discrimination towards sexual minorities. It is designed for the use of organisations involved in training on those…

This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This…

This report is a compilation of successes, challenges, and impact of Avahan, a targeted intervention programme, supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and implemented for female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender in 13 districts of Telangana and Rayalaseema…

This health policy analysis responds to a call for research into the process through which the interests of women who have sex with women (WSW) have been represented in South African HIV and AIDS policy considering the context of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, as well as women’s…

Transgender women have among the highest rates of HIV infection but little is known about HIV prevalence among trans men, Tonia Poteat of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health said in a plenary lecture on transgender health and HIV at the recent Conference on Retroviruses…

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on key populations.

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on vulnerable populations, including TB in prisons and intimate partner violence in the context of HIV.

The HIV epidemic in Tanzania has existed for three decades and has claimed many lives. Over the year’s collective efforts to control the epidemic has seen HIV prevalence decline progressively among adults aged 15-49 from 7% in 2003 to 5.1% in 2011. However several vulnerable groups such as…

This quarterly compilation of article abstracts from peer‐reviewed literature related to HIV and key populations in Africa, Asia and Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Middle East groups abstracts by key population (people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men,…

Worldwide, transgender women who engage in sex work have a disproportionate risk for HIV compared with natal male and female sex workers. We reviewed recent epidemiological research on HIV in transgender women and show that transgender women sex workers (TSW) face unique structural,…

Studies completed over the past 15 years have consistently demonstrated the importance of community-level determinants in potentiating or mitigating risks for the acquisition and transmission of HIV. Structural determinants are especially important in mediating HIV risk among key populations,…

 A rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response.  Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people…

This technical brief summarizes essential information and existing WHO recommendations for HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care among transgender populations. The 2011 WHO guidance, Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men…

This is the sixth in a Series of seven papers about HIV and sex workers.

Worldwide, transgender women who engage in sex work have a disproportionate…