Resource Library

One-C is a community-based program that seeks to increase utilization of HIV services, improve linkages to services at the community level, and encourage the adoption of HIV risk reduction behaviors. Find out about the quantitative and qualitative results emerging from SOAR’s…

4Children Lesotho completed this learning brief to document the experience of transitioning a large USAID-funded orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) project from one USAID grantee to another. In the past several years, PEPFAR countries have transitioned OVC programs to new partners or new…

BACKGROUND: Increased demand for healthcare services in countries experiencing high HIV disease burden and often coupled with a shortage of health workers, has necessitated task shifting from professional health workers to Lay Health Workers (LHWs) in order to improve healthcare…

This report presents the preliminary findings from an ongoing project undertaken by 4Children that seeks to identify key opportunities to incorporate violence prevention and response interventions within priority PEPFAR Program Areas at clinical and community levels. The initial focus is on HIV…

As part of its Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) guidance, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) released Version 2.3 in September 2018, which includes revised indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These indicators are intended…

This workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children:

  1. Children ages 0-17 years of age living in a household with at least one HIV-positive adult member age 18 or…

Intended user: Managers of PEPFAR OVC programs in Botswana, Nigeria, South Africa, and South Sudan

What: A workbook calculator to help in estimating the population size of children ages 0–17 years living in a household with at least one adult who is HIV-…

The logic model, designed by MEASURE Evaluation, complements and incorporates a series of benchmarks for assessing achievement of household case plans and determining the readiness of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) households to exit from OVC programs through graduation. 

The…

USAID and PEPFAR are supporting the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project to strengthen comprehensive, integrated service delivery and support to children living with, affected by, or vulnerable to HIV/AIDS (OVC) in the Lusaka, Copperbelt, Southern, and Central Provinces of Zambia. To inform that…

The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care…

On the sidelines of the 2017 United Nations General Assembly, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson announced the new PEPFAR Strategy for Accelerating HIV/AIDS Epidemic Control (2017-2020). New data show that the HIV epidemic is coming under control in five African countries (Lesotho, Malawi,…

This Excel workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of two groups of potentially vulnerable children.

At present, four countries in the PEPFAR OVC portfolio do not have a recent DHS survey with HIV testing: Botswana,…

March 28, 2017

This Excel workbook is designed to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs to estimate the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children.

The workbook includes point estimates and 95-percent confidence intervals at both the national and subnational…

Programs for orphans and vulnerable children need to know who most needs help. MEASURE Evaluation used population surveys to develop national and subnational estimates of children (including orphans and co-resident children) who live with at least one HIV-positive adult. 

This study used baseline data from the Orphaned and Separated Children’s Assessment Related to their Health and Well-Being Project to examine whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation in orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments. It…

Despite remarkable achievements in the prevention and treatment of HIV, this report finds that progress has been uneven globally. In 2015, more than half of the world’s new infections (1.1 million out of 2.1 million) were among women, children and adolescents, and nearly 2 million adolescents…

Efforts to strengthen national child protection systems have frequently taken a top-down approach of imposing formal, government-managed services. Such expert-driven approaches are often characterized by low use of formal services and the misalignment of the nonformal and formal aspects of the…

Aim: To establish an overview of school-based interventions carried out to support the health and well-being of vulnerable children in Zimbabwe and similar socio-economic contexts in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: A literature search was carried out in Web of Knowledge using combinations of the…

Many studies that document child outcomes in the context of parental HIV - which has been established as a risk factor for child development - focus on older children/adolescents. Studies also concentrate on the status of the primary caregiver, not other household members who might be infected. …

As part of its monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (MER) guidance, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) launched a set of essential indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These outcome indicators reflect internationally accepted…

Efforts to strengthen national child protection systems have frequently taken a top-down approach of imposing formal, government-managed services. Such expert-driven approaches are often characterized by low use of formal services and the misalignment of the nonformal and formal aspects of the…

An AIDS-free generation means a generation in which all children are born free of HIV and remain so for the first two decades of life, from birth through adolescence. This Sixth Stocktaking Report examines the progress being made in the response to HIV and AIDS for children. It…

Many HIV-positive children in low-income and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed. Although HIV testing in children at health facilities is recommended by WHO, it is not well implemented. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the case-finding benefit of HIV screening in…

As part of its monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (MER) guidance, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) launched a set of essential indicators for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs. These outcome indicators reflect internationally accepted…

Couples' Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing (CVCT) is a WHO-recommended intervention for prevention of heterosexual HIV transmission which very few African couples have received. We report the successful nationwide implementation of CVCT in Rwanda.

The Global Fund OVC Programme specifically aimed to work towards the achievement of one of the goals of the Global Fund Phase II Grant - that is, to reduce the number of new HIV infections by at least 50% using combination prevention approaches. Compared to Phase I, Phase II of the Global Fund…

A new strategy to end paediatric AIDS launched at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban, South Africa, on Tuesday calls for antiretroviral treatment services to reach 1.6 million children and 1.2…

Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free is about galvanizing global momentum around a shared and ambitious agenda. Led by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free brings…