Resource Library

Botswana has among the highest level of HIV viral suppression globally, yet HIV incidence remains > 1% per year in adults aged 15 to 49. Although causes of this continued elevated incidence have been postulated, a firm understanding remains elusive, especially in the presence of a highly…

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is a region associated with both high rates of population mobility – mostly associated with movement within and across national borders to access improved livelihood opportunities – and a high prevalence of communicable diseases, notably HIV and…

HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. Existing evidence has demonstrated that there is substantial local variation in the prevalence of HIV; however, subnational variation has not been investigated at a high spatial resolution across the continent. Here we explore…

South Africa continues to bear a heavy burden of HIV and a significant proportion of the nation's population consists of immigrants from other severely afflicted African nations. Yet little is known about how migrant populations respond to HIV in shifting cultural and clinical landscapes.…

While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a systematic review of the role of migration in HIV risk acquisition and sexual behaviour based on 29 studies…

Despite progress in many aspects of the global HIV response, women - particularly adolescent girls and young women - continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. Women constitute more than half of all people living with HIV. AIDS-related illnesses remain the leading cause of death for…

USAID and PEPFAR's approach to pursuing HIV epidemic control is transforming lives and supporting the development of healthy, self-reliant Malawian people. This video demonstrates how partners are collaborating to bring HIV services to hard-to-reach populations, such as fishermen. …

Several meta-analyses and systematic reviews of the literature examining factors associated with care entry, engagement and retention show that optimal lifelong engagement in HIV care can be threatened by a range of factors at the individual, social, and structural levels. Mobility affects many…

This article is featured in the SHARE Research Digest. Click here to learn more.

Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART). To investigate refugees' experiences adhering to ART, we conducted inperson interviews with refugees on ART (n = 73) and HIV…

Investigators working both in syndemics, a field of applied health research with roots in medical anthropology, and in the field of health and human rights recognise that upstream social, political, and structural determinants contribute more to health inequities than do biological factors or…

The co-occurrence of health burdens in transitioning populations, particularly in specific socioeconomic and cultural contexts, calls for conceptual frameworks to improve understanding of risk factors, so as to better design and implement prevention and intervention programmes to address…

The objective of this study was to evaluate the assumption that moving heightens HIV infection by examining the time-order between migration and HIV infection and investigate differences in HIV infection by migration destination and permanence.

The study found that HIV-positive status has…

As a strategy to avoid discrimination, violence and economic marginalisation, sexual and gender non-conforming people often turn to migration as a route to achieve independence and build social capital. Recent studies by the IDS Sexuality, Poverty and Law programme demonstrate that while…

This brief is part of a series on TB key populations launched by the Stop TB Partnership in May 2016. The briefs, which focus on children, miners, mobile populations, urban populations, prisoners, rural populations and people who use drugs, recognize that reaching everyone with services,…

Evidence suggests that migrants such as long-distance truck drivers and female sex workers (FSWs) and other key and vulnerable populations associated with major transport hubs are highly vulnerable to HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria. The International Organization for Migration (IOM), FHI 360…

Migration is a central determinant of health, requiring appropriate policy and programme responses. Unprecedented levels of migratory patterns are leading to variability in demographic structures and associated social, economic and public health implications. Cross border populations in East…

This booklet is aimed at migrants and provides information on health care services in South Africa, specifically:

  • Learn how clinics and hospitals work
  • Understand your rights as a patient
  • Know what health services expect from patients

 

Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region’ (UNAIDS, 2008b: 32). Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and…

This sector report forms part of a regional assessment commissioned by USAID which examines the migration patterns and the HIV vulnerabilities faced by migrants and mobile workers in the southern African region.

The Regional Assessment examined the transport sector in the following…

In this publication, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) explore the multifaceted health and human rights challenges that migrants face and report on recent developments in this…

Despite numerous international treaties and commitments to protect the health rights of migrants, this population still faces significant barriers in their access to TB care. Migration, which is driven by a number of complex economic, social, political and environmental factors, is a determinant…

Poverty, gender inequality and social exclusion continue to pose major challenges to HIV prevention efforts. Between 2011 and 2016, the ILO, in partnership with Sida, implemented an innovative economic empowerment programme amongst hard-to-reach populations in transport corridors and vulnerable…

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on key populations.

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on vulnerable populations, including TB in prisons and intimate partner violence in the context of HIV.

The recent Declaration and Code of Conduct on TB in the Mining sector signed by the SADC Ministers of Health are a recognition of the close link between mining and TB in sub-Saharan Africa. Not only does silicosis increase the risk of TB by about 3 times on average, but the working conditions…

This presentation given by Dr Jo Vearey at the International Organization for Migration conference in 2012 outlines issues around migration and health in the SADC region, opportunities for action, and suggestions for a way forward.

 

This study was conducted to contribute to the reduction of HIV among migrants and mobile workers, their families and communities with which they interact in the port of Beira in Mozambique.

The study shows the existence of multiple concurrent partnerships between truck drivers, commercial…