Resource Library

BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan African correctional facilities concentrate large numbers of people who are living with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. Universal test and treat (UTT) is widely recognized as a promising approach to improve the health of individuals and a population…

April 12, 2018

UNAIDS has just relaunched its Key Populations Atlas, an online tool that provides a range of information about members of key populations worldwide, including sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men,…

The objectives of this program are to encourage behavior change among inmates and prison staff to reduce the risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) by educating them about the contributing factors and encouraging use of available health services. This guide provides peer educators with activities and…

In 2014, USAID/Tanzania awarded the Tanzania Strengthening Police and Prison Comprehensive HIV Services (SPPCHS) project as an initiative under the AIDSFree project. The SPPCHS project worked with the Ministry of Home Affairs to design a peer education program for prisons to provide knowledge,…

Worldwide, a disproportionate burden of HIV, tuberculosis, and hepatitis is present among current and former prisoners. This problem results from laws, policies, and policing practices that unjustly and discriminatorily detain individuals and fail to ensure continuity of prevention, care, and…

We interviewed 15 South Africans seeking HIV testing to understand the factors that influenced their seeking an HIV test. Reasons in favour of testing included having had unprotected sex, availability of social support if testing HIV positive and modelling test-seeking behaviour to others.…

The prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis are higher in prisons than in the general population in most countries worldwide. Prisons have emerged as a risk environment for these infections to be further concentrated, amplified, and then transmitted to the…

The burden of HIV/AIDS and other transmissible diseases is higher in prison and jail settings than in the non-incarcerated communities that surround them. In this comprehensive review, we discuss available literature on the topic of clinical management of people infected with HIV, hepatitis B…

The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (…

“Prisoners are among the most neglected of the key populations; they bear higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis than in the communities from which they come,” said Professor Chris Beyrer of Johns Hopkins University and outgoing President of the International AIDS Society. He…

The goal of AIDSFree Tanzania's Uniformed Health Services activity is to provide quality comprehensive HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment, and support services for the police and prisons staff, the prison inmates, and civilians within the surrounding communities in Tanzania. The program…

Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come. This disease burden among prisoners has been recognised since the early years of these inter-related pandemics. Yet the health needs of prisoners receive…

This brief is part of a series on TB key populations launched by the Stop TB Partnership in May 2016. The briefs, which focus on children, miners, mobile populations, urban populations, prisoners, rural populations and people who use drugs, recognize that reaching everyone with services,…

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on key populations.

This issue of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society's "HIV Nursing Matters" online magazine focuses on vulnerable populations, including TB in prisons and intimate partner violence in the context of HIV.

There are more than one million children under the age of 18 living in Lesotho. One in three of these children are orphans, and nearly half (45%) of all households are caring for at least one orphan. This situation is primarily due to the impact of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho: the country has an HIV…

This briefing paper is designed to support countries in implementing an effective response to HIV and AIDS in prisons and other closed settings. It takes into consideration principles of international law, including international rules, guidelines, declarations and covenants governing prison…

Released by the Department of Health, this 58-page guidelines cover the management of tuberculosis (TB), HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in South Africa's 242 correctional facilities.

The guidelines acknowledge that overcrowding, unhygienic conditions and high inmate…